The Role of the Type of Political System in Sustainable Peace in Afghanistan

Juma Ali Haqani


The role of the type of political system in creating stable peace in Afghan society is the main issue of this article, which has been investigated by using the descriptive-analytical method and the library-documentary technique, the relationship between the type of political system and stable peace in the Afghan society. According to this research, the political systems that the people of Afghanistan have experienced so far, despite their differences, had one thing in common, and that is tyranny and self-control, which administered in a centralized manner in different periods. A military that has no cultural and social structure of Afghan society, the democracy that imposed on the Afghan society after the fall of the first period of the Taliban group and without paying attention to the cultural structure of the people of this land, not only failed to provide the security and comfort of the Afghan society; Rather, it exacerbated the ethnic divisions and, following that, the insecurities caused by ethnic and religious alignments; In such a way that the ground for the Taliban's dominance over Afghanistan provided. Galtung: sustainable peace is created in society when direct, structural and cultural violence eliminated, and political systems play an effective role in this area, and among different political systems, the most appropriate system in creating stable peace and removing all kinds of violence, the federal system is the system that has the most similarities with the socio-cultural structure of the Afghan society. 


Afghanistan; Peace; Violence; Democracy; Federal System

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