Effectiveness of Waste Bank Program to Reduce Solid Waste into Landfill in Surabaya City

Kemal Jamaludin, Dewie Tri Wijayati, Andre Dwijanto Witjaksono


Waste management is part of several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) goals. In Indonesia, one of the instruments in realizing sustainable waste management is the Waste Bank Program. The waste bank is a community-based waste management program that implements the 3R principles. One of the aims of the waste bank program is to encourage community involvement in waste management to reduce waste going to Landfill. The Surabaya City in 2020 to 2021 recorded a significant decrease in the volume of waste that ended up in landfills from 603,863 tons a year to 243,183 tons a year and continues to fall in 2022. This research aims to find out the effectiveness of the waste bank program in reducing waste going to landfill in Surabaya. This study uses analytical descriptions, using secondary data from various relevant authorities and credible parties. The results of this study show that the effectiveness of the waste bank program in reducing waste in Surabaya City during 2019-2021 is respectively only 0.17%, 0.15% and 0.33% of the total waste generation. It shows very low effectiveness. The waste bank program has not become the first choice in waste management. So, the reduction of waste end in landfills is not an effect of the waste bank program. It is suggested that the Surabaya city government should find a more effective strategy to involve the community in waste management.


Sustainable Development Goals; Waste Bank; Solid Waste Management; Surabaya

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v10i4.4504


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