The Application and Function of the Afterlife Punishment in Meccan Surahs

Mohsen Qamarzade, Azade Ebrahimi Fakhkhari


The Holy Qur'an gradually introduced people to Islamic concepts and tried to change the people of the society and, accordingly, the Islamic society. This program was a wise method change that was explained according to people's reactions. Commentators should be aware of this process in order to gain the wisdom of the interpretations and educational goals hidden behind these expressions. One of the most frequent topics in the Holy Qur'an is the discussion of resurrection, followed by the topic of the afterlife, which plays an important role in the educational system of the Qur'an as a deterrent. This article examines the audiences of the afterlife in Meccan Surahs with a descriptive-analytical method. In a general view of Meccan surahs, it can be analyzed in six stages. The first stage: from "Alaq" to "Fajr" which describes the liars and their punishment. Second: from "Borouj" to "Qaf", which begins with the threat of seditionists against the nascent Muslim community. Third: from "Balad" to "Ta_Ha" which describes the disbeliever who is not denier, as one of the tormentors in the hereafter. Fourth: from "Maryam" to "Zumar" which is not only blasphemy; Rather, it introduces the lack of faith as the cause of inclusion in the hereafter. Fifth: From "Ghafir" to "Shura", who calls the arrogance of praying to God's door as one of the causes of entering into torment, and sixth: from "Zukhruf" to "Mutaffefin", who, with the plan of deviating Christians, also causes faith to be distorted. He does not know how to create an obstacle to enter into torment. In general, in Meccan surahs, the audience of the hereafter are exclusively liars, disbelievers, and deviants from the true religion.


In general, In Meccan Surahs; Liar Audience of the Hereafter; Disbelievers; Deviants from the True Religion

Full Text:



Ibn_Faris, Ahmad_ibn_Faris, Mu'gam Al-Maqais Al-Lughah, research: Haroun, Abd_us_Salam Muhammad, first edition, Qom: Maktab Al-Alam al-Islami, 1404 A.H.

Ibn_Manzour, Muhammad_ibn_Mukarram, Lesan_al_Arab, third edition, Beirut: Dar Sader, 1414 AH.

Bahjatpour, Abd_ul_Karim, Hamgam Ba Wahi, Qom: Tamhid Institute, 2019.

...................................., identification letter of the coming of surahs of the Holy Quran, Qom: Tamhid Institute, 1394.

Jazri, Ezz_zud_Din Abul_Hasan Ali_ibn_Muhammad_ibn_Athir, Al-Kamal fit_Tarikh, first edition, Beirut: Dar Sader, 1385.

Johari, Ismail_ibn_Hammad, As-Sahah, first edition, Beirut: Dar_ul_Ilm Lil_malayin, 1376.

Hur Amili, Muhammad_ibn_Hassan, the description of the means of the Shi'a to study Islamic matters, Qom: Al-ul-Bayt Institute, without history.

Haskani, Obaidullah_ibn_Abdullah, Shawahed_ut_Tanzil le_Qaqawa'ed_ut_Tafzil fil_Ayat_i_Nazela fi Ahl_ul_Bayt, first edition, Tehran: Ministry of Islamic Culture and Guidance, 1411 AH.

Hosseini Hamdani, Seyyed Mohammad, Anwar_i_Derakhshan, Tehran: First Edition, Lotfi Bookstore, 1404 AH.

Tabatabaei, Mohammad Hossein, Al-Mizan fi Tafsir al-Qur'an, 5th edition, Qom: Qom Theological Seminary Society, 1417 AH.

Tabarsi, Fazl_ibn_Hasan, Majma_ul_Bayan, third edition, Tehran: Nasser Khosro, 1372.

Askari, Hassan_ibn_Abdullah, Al-Furouq fil_Lughah, 1st edition, Beirut: Dar_ul_Afaq_ul_Jadidah, 1400 AH.

Farahidi, Khalil_ibn_Ahmad, Al-Ayn, second edition, Qom: Hijrat, 1409.

Qaraati, Mohsen, Tafsir Noor, 11th edition, Tehran: Lessons from the Qur'an Cultural Center, 1383.

Qomi, Ali_ibn_Ibrahim, Tafsir Qomi, third edition, Qom: Dar_ul_Kitab, 1363.

Mustafavi, Hassan, At_Tahqiq fi kalamat_il_Quran_il_Karim, third edition, Beirut: Dar_ul_Kutub_ul_Ilmiyah, 1430 AH.

Zamakhshari, Mahmoud, Al-Kashaf an Haqa'eq Ghawamez_ut_Tanzil, third edition, Beyrut: Dar_ul_Kitab_ul_Arabi, 1407 A.H.

Qomi Mashhadi, Mohammad_ibn_Mohammad Reza, Tafsir_i_Kanz_ud_Daqayeq va Bahr_ul_Qarayeb, first edition, Tehran: Printing and Publishing Organization of the Ministry of Islamic Guidance, 1368.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.