Optimization of Criminal Sanctions Against Holding of Goods During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Dwiva Amalia Tarvianty, Mohammad Jamin


This legal research aims efforts to optimize the implementation of the use of criminal sanctions by investigators against perpetrators of hoarding of important goods during the COVID-19 pandemic. The legal research compiled is empirical legal research with the nature of legal research, namely analytical descriptive. The author uses an interactional approach with qualitative analysis. The type of data used is primary data obtained directly by the interview method and secondary data in the form of related laws and regulations. Based on the results of this legal research, the efforts to optimize the utilization of criminal sanctions can be done by (i) prioritizing the victim aspect which prioritizes the applicability of the objectives of the criminal law, (ii) compilation of various interrelated regulations and (iii) application of criminal law policy theory in order to formulate rules that can accommodate the public interest in the case of hoarding of goods, objects hoarding of goods and criminal sanctions of hoarding of goods.


Optimize the Use of Criminal Sanctions; Hoarding of Goods; COVID-19 Pandemic

Full Text:



Adityo Susilo, Corona Virus Diseases 2019: Recent Literature Review, Indonesian Journal of Internal Medicine, Vol. 7 Issue 1, (2020) 45.

Kuldep Dhama, Sharun Khan, Ruchi Tiwari, Shubhankar Sircar, Coronavirus Disease 2019 – COVID19, Peprints Journal, doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.001.v2, (2020).

World Health Organization. Situation Report. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200302-sitrep-42-covid-19.pdf?sfvrsn=224c1add_2 acessed on 23 October 2021 at 11.13 P.M GMT +7.

Lai,C.C., Shih, Tang, and Hsueh, Severe Accute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (COVID-19) and corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19); the epidemic and the challenges. International Journal of Microbial Agents, (2020) https://doi.ord/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.105924

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-health-usa-hoarding-idUSKCN20M37V - acessed on 24 September 2021 at 10.20 P.M. GMT+7.

Putra, Headline: COVID-19 triggers panic buying of food, masks, hand sanitizer. https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/4193886/headline-virus-corona-picu-panic-buying-food-masker-hand-sanitizer-cara-meredamnya accessed on 24 November 2021 at 12.46 (GMT +7).

https://www.minded-rakyat.com/nasional/pr-01347558/fenomena-panic-buying-merebak-di-masyarakat-government-indonesia-didesak-segera-bertindak accessed on 24 November 2021 at 12.50 (GMT +7)

Law Number 7 of 20-14 concerning Trade.

Law Number Number 18 of 2012 concerning Food

https://news.detik.com/berita-jawa-tengah/d-4925372/polda-jateng-tangkap-penimbun-masker-ganjar-peringatan-buat-yang-lain accessed on 24 November 2021 at 13.46 (GMT +7)

https://regional.kompas.com/read/2020/03/05/06300021/4-case-penimbunan-masker-di-senomor-area-yang-dibongkar-polisi-semarang?page=all accessed on 24 November 2021 at 13.55 (GMT +7)

https://regional.kompas.com/read/2020/03/04/13010011/kronologi-penangkap-penimbun-masker-dan-antiseptic-di-semarang-terlacak-di - accessed on 24 November, 2021 at 16:42 (GMT +7)

RH Haveman, The Legality of Customary Criminal Law in Modern Indonesia, Jakarta: Tata Nusa, (2002).

Septa Candra, Formulation of Criminal Provisions in Legislation in Indonesia, Prioris Legal Journal, Vol. 3 No. 3, (2013).

Soerjono Soekanto. 2008. Pengantar Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia.

Lexy J. Meleong, Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya, (2002).

JD Sterman and G. Dogan, “Im not hoarding, im just stocking up before the hoarders get here”: behavioral causes of phantom ordering in supply, Journal of Operations Management, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jom.2015.07.002, (2020).

Imas Novita Juaningsih, Implementation of Criminal Sanctions for Hoarding Masks in Indonesia during the COVID-19 Pandemic, is a Bulletin of Law and Justice. Doi: 10.15408/isv4i1.15455 Volume 4 Number 1, (2020).

Janus Sidobalok, Consumer Protection Law in Indonesia, Jakarta: SInar Graphic, (2014).

Presidential Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia Number 71 of 2015 concerning the Stipulation and Storage of Basic Necessities and Important Items.

Hanafi Widya Al Fahd and Handoyo Prasetyo, Juridical Review of the Acts of Hoarding Masks during the COVID-19 Pandemic in terms of Law Number 07 of 2014 concerning Trade, National Conference on Law Studies: Legal Development Towards a Digital Society Era, ISBN: 978-978-3599-13-7, (2020).

Law No. 05 of 1999 on the Prohibition of Monopolistic Practices and Unfair Competition.

I Gede Aditya Triyana, I Nyoman Gede Sugiartha, Ni Made Sukaryati Karma, Criminal Sanctions for Hoarding Medical Masks and Hand Sanitizers during the COVID-19 Pandemic, Journal of Legal Interpretation, Vol. 2 No. 2 ISSN: 2746-5047, (2020).

Barda Nawawi Arief, Several Aspects of Policy Enforcement and Development of Criminal Law. Bandung: Image of Aditya Bakti,


Barda Nawawi Arief, Some Aspects of Policy and Criminal Law Development, Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, (2005)

Barda Nawawi Arief, Criminal Law Policy, Anthology, Developments in Drafting the New Criminal Code Concept, Jakarta, Kencana Prenada Media, (2009).

Barda Nawawi Arief, Anthology of Criminal Law Policy (Development of Drafting of the New Criminal Code Concept) 3rd edition. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Group, (2011).

Herbert L. Packer, The Limits of the Criminal Sanctions, California: Stanford University Press, (1986).

Jan Remmelink, Criminal Law Comments on the Most Important Articles of the Dutch Criminal Code and Criminal Law in the Indonesian Criminal Code, Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, (2003).

Kornelia Melansari D. Lewokeda, Criminal Accountability for Crimes Related to the Granting of Delegation of Authority, Tribune for Justice, Vlo. 14 Number. 28, (2019).

Moeljatno, Principles of Criminal Law fifth edition, Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, (1993).

Muladi, Capita Selecta of the Criminal Justice System, Semarang: Diponegoro University Publishing Agency, (1995).

Septa Candra, Formulation of Criminal Provisions in Legislation in Indonesia, Prioris Legal Journal, Vol. 3 No. 3, (2013).

Suhariyono, Determination of Criminal Sanctions in a Law, e-journal.peraturanperundang-undang.go.id, (2009).

Soerjono Soekanto, Introduction to Legal Research, Jakarta: University of Indonesia Publisher, (2008).

Marc Ancel, Social Defense a Modern Approach Problem. London: Routledge and Kean Paul, (1965).

Mardjono Reksodipuro, Indonesian Criminal Justice System (looking at crime and law enforcement within the limits of tolerance), Jakarta: FH UI https://megapolitan.kompas.com/read/2021/03/02/14253691/setahun-pandemi-covid-19-sempat-terjadi-panic-buying-karena-khatir?page=all – accessed on 24 November 2021 at 16:42 GMT+7

Janus Sidobalok, Consumer Protection Law in Indonesia, Jakarta: SInar Graphic, (2014).

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v9i3.3569


Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.