Assessment of Basic Locomotor Movement Skills for Elementary School Students Using Puzzle Test

Eka Fitri Novita Sari, Moch Asmawi, Firmansyah Dlis, Widiastuti Widiastuti, Nofi Marlina Siregar, Rekha Ratri Julianti


Assessment of basic locomotor movements for elementary school students using Puzzle Test is a study to see the achievement of 8 basic locomotor movement skills for elementary school through motion observation instruments in the form of tests as puzzle games. The purpose of the study was to find the influence of game treatment in improving the basic locomotor movement skills on public elementary school students with the total number of participants was 32. The quantitative data analysis was carried out through The pre-experimental design used using a one-group pretest-posttest design approach. Data collection is was conducted through pre-test and post-test which the pre-test result was obtained with a minimum value = 9, maximum value = 24, mean = 16.6, a standard deviation = 3.92, Lcount normality test (0.0680) < Ltable (0.1542) which was normal, while the post-test minimum value = 17, maximum value = 23, mean = 19.9, standard deviation = 1.48, Lcount normality test (0.0806) < Ltable (0.1542) which was normal as well. Including T count = 0.177 and table T value = 2.042 then H0 rejected, HA accepted. Therefore, the pre-test value was not the same with the post-test value which meant the average post-test value was higher than the pre-test value. It can be concluded that the game treatment improves 8 basic locomotor movement using a test in the form of a puzzle game that can be proven empirically.


Fundamental Locomotor Movement; Elementary Students; Puzzle Game

Full Text:



HaitaoHAO, A. Sbeih, og F. H. A. Shibly, «Physical education and its role in improving the health of college students by active participation and optimization by deep learning», Aggress. Violent Behav., s. 101628, 2021.

J. V. Nielsen, T. V. G. Bredahl, A. Bugge, H. Klakk, og T. Skovgaard, «Implementation of a successful long-term school based physical education intervention: Exploring provider and programme characteristics», Eval. Program Plann., bd. 76, s. 101674, 2019.

J. M. Griffo, P. Hodges-Kulinna, R. H. J. Marttinen, og S. Battistella, «A systematic review of integrative practices in physical education (2009–2018)», Int. J. Educ. Res., bd. 104, s. 101689, 2020.

E. F. N. Sari, R. R. Julianti, N. M. Siregar, og Sukiri, «Locomotor basic movement levels in improving the health of elementary school students», Int. J. Hum. Mov. Sport. Sci., bd. 8, nr. 6, s. 16–21, 2020.

L. M. Barnett, J. A. Hnatiuk, N. D’Souza, J. Salmon, og K. D. Hesketh, «What Factors Help Young Children Develop Positive Perceptions of Their Motor Skills?», Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, bd. 18, nr. 2, s. 759, jan. 2021.

S. L. C. Veldman, K. Q. Scott-Andrews, R. E. Hasson, N. Colabianchi, og L. E. Robinson, «Fundamental motor skill physical education lessons increase health-enhancing physical activity in elementary school-age children», Heal. Behav. Policy Rev., bd. 7, nr. 5, s. 481–488, 2020.

D. Jones, A. Innerd, E. L. Giles, og L. B. Azevedo, «Association between fundamental motor skills and physical activity in the early years: A systematic review and meta-analysis», Journal of Sport and Health Science. mar-2020.

E. F. N. Sari, Sujarwo, og S. Sukiri, «Basic Locomotor Movement of First Grade Students of Elementary School», 2019.

S. Guijarro-Romero, D. Mayorga-Vega, C. Casado-Robles, og J. Viciana, «School physical education-based reinforced program through moderate-to-vigorous physical activity improves and maintains schoolchildren’s cardiorespiratory fitness: A cluster-randomized controlled trial», Sci. Sports, 2021.

A. Dania, V. Tyrovola, og M. Koutsouba, «Proposal for a new method for teaching fundamental motor skills», Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., bd. 2, nr. 2, s. 4949–4954, 2010.

I. Rocamora, S. González-Víllora, J. Fernández-Río, og N. M. Arias-Palencia, «Physical activity levels, game performance and friendship goals using two different pedagogical models: Sport Education and Direct Instruction», Phys. Educ. Sport Pedagog., bd. 24, nr. 1, s. 87–102, 2019.

A. Palmizal, D. Pujianto, Nurkadri, og A. A. N. P. Laksana, «Development of a creative gymnastics model to improve basic locomotor movements for students in elementary school», Int. J. Hum. Mov. Sport. Sci., bd. 8, nr. 6, s. 78–84, 2020.

S. Behan, S. Belton, C. Peers, N. E. O’Connor, og J. Issartel, «Moving Well-Being Well: Investigating the maturation of fundamental movement skill proficiency across sex in Irish children aged five to twelve», J. Sports Sci., bd. 37, nr. 22, s. 2604–2612, nov. 2019.

I. Asiimwe, J. F. Babalola, og S. Atuhaire, «Physical activities , resources , and challenges in the implementation of physical education program in public primary schools in Kampala , Uganda : A cross-sectional survey», nr. August, 2021.

T.-K. S. Miang, Fundamental Movement Skills For Growing Active Learners. Singapore: Singapore Sport Council, 2010.

M. Xu mfl., «Personalized training through Kinect-based games for physical education», J. Vis. Commun. Image Represent., bd. 62, s. 394–401, 2019.

E. F. N. Sari, Sujarwo, og Sukiri, «The Improvement of Locomotor Basic Movement Through AniChrac Games», 2020.

Yusmawati, Y. Yusmawati, og E. F. N. Sari, «The Implementation of Basic Locomotor Learning in Special Schools BT - 5th International Conference on Physical Education, Sport, and Health (ACPES 19)», 2019.

V. Balan og M. Shaao, «Study on Improving the Specific Content of Teaching Physical Education Classes through Movement Games in Primary School», Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., bd. 117, s. 173–178, 2014.

E. F. N. Sari, «Locomotor basic movement skill instruments through games for elementary school», J. Phys. Conf. Ser., bd. 1402, s. 077081, des. 2019.

T. Vidranski, I. Vrbik, G. Sporiš, I. Arsić, og N. Stojiljković, «GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LEARNING MOTOR SKILLS FOLLOWING A VIDEO DEMONSTRATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN», Phys. Educ. Sport, bd. 18, nr. 2, s. 283–293, 2020.

P. Mishra, C. M. Pandey, U. Singh, A. Gupta, C. Sahu, og A. Keshri, «Descriptive statistics and normality tests for statistical data», Ann. Card. Anaesth., bd. 22, nr. 1, s. 67–72, 2019.

D. Jelito og M. Pitera, «New fat-tail normality test based on conditional second moments with applications to finance», Stat. Pap., 2020.

S. G. Kwak og S.-H. Park, «Normality Test in Clinical Research», J. Rheum. Dis., bd. 26, nr. 1, s. 5, 2019.

T. K. Kim og J. H. Park, «More about the basic assumptions of t-test: normality and sample size.», Korean J. Anesthesiol., bd. 72, nr. 4, s. 331–335, aug. 2019.

V. A. Karisman, M. Asmawi, Samsudin, og F. Dlis, «Developing Model of Games to Improve Students’ Fundamental Movement Skills», bd. 35, nr. Icssht 2019, s. 88–90, 2021.

M. Stănescu, L. Vasile, og I. Safta, «Educational Approaches Designed to Improve Active Lifestyle in Teenagers», Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., bd. 117, s. 27–33, 2014.

T. Dobrescu, M. Cretu, E. F. Grosu, og C. Culea, «Considerations Regarding the Creative Dimension of the Physical Education and Sports Didactic Process», Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci., bd. 93, s. 853–858, 2013.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.