Study of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGS) on Zero Waste Management of Household Infectious Waste in the Era of the Covid-19 Pandemic

Winda Trijayanthi Utama, Asep Sukohar, Dedy Miswar, Samsul Bakri, Agus Setiawan, Tugiyono Tugiyono


In the recent status quo, there are about 20.1 million global confirmed cases and 742 thousand deaths during the COVID19 Global Pandemic. One of the consequences is the significant increase in the development of infectious medical waste, such as old personal protective equipment (PPE). Solid waste management (SWM) has attracted international attention over the years, owing to its ability to ensure the long-term viability of a safe, healthy, green, and clean economy, particularly during worldwide pandemics. The generation of solid trash has increased dramatically in emerging countries as a result of rising population, urbanization, and living standards. Globally, solid waste generation has become a major environmental concern. It has seen a 2.44-fold increase in solid trash during the last decade. More than half of all solid trash is collected, stored, and disposed of.


Solid Waste Management; COVID-19; Sustainable Development Goals

Full Text:



Adiyoso, W. Does the COVID-19 pandemic have any positive impact on SDGs? J. Indones. Sustain. Dev. Plan. 2020, 1, i–iii.

Ady Setiawan, Yos Johan Utama, Edy Lisdiyono. 2020. Social Justice and Water for all: Constructing a Local Legal Framework for a Good Governance. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology 11(1).

Ang, F., and Van Passel, S. (2012). Beyond the environmentalist’s paradox and the debate on weak versus strong sustainability. Biosci J. 62:3.

Bain, Tom Slaymaker and Robert. 2017. Access to drinking water around the world – in five infographics. 17 March.

Barbier, E.; Burgess, J. Sustainability and Development after COVID-19. World Dev. 2020, 135, 105082. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

BAPPENAS. 2020. Kebijakan Nasional Dalam Pencapaian SDGs Pasca Pandemi. Available online: uploads/2020/06/Kepala-Seknas-SDGs-Bappenas-Kebijakan-Nasional-dalam-Pencapaian-SDGs-Pasca-Pandemi.pdf

Beau, J. (1997). Thoughts on Poverty from a South Asian Rubbish Dump, 28(3), 73–90.

Commission, E., Environment, D., Limited, P. A., House, F. G., Econometrics, C., & Management, P. E. 2001. Employment Effects of Waste Management Policies,

Biggeri, M., Clark, D. A., Ferrannini, A. and Mauro, V. 2019. Tracking the SDGs in an ‘integrated’ manner: A proposal for a new index to capture synergies and trade-offs between and within goals.

Chartier Y (2014) Safe management of wastes from health-care activities. World Health Organization. Available at: bitstream/handle/10665/42175/9241545259.pdf. Accessed on 10 June 2021

Elsheekh et al. Journal of Engineering and Applied Science (2021) 68:5 Page 3 of 15

ECLAC (2020). COVID-19 pandemic puts us at a civilizing crossroads: either we return to the globalization of concentration, or we build a different future, Alicia Bárcena indicates. Available online at: pressreleases/covid- 19- pandemic- puts- us- civilizing- crossroads- either- we- return-globalization (accessed December 10, 2020).

Fiorini, M. and Hoekman, B. 2018. Services trade policy and sustainable development. World Development. 112: 1–12.

Geyer, R., Jambeck, J. R., & Law, K. L. 2017. Production, use, and fate of all plastics ever made. Science advances, 3(7), e1700782.

Gurbo M (2017) Why are sustainable development goals important? The institute for development of freedom of information (IDFI) published article, available via: . Accessed 1 Mar 2021

Gutberlet, J. (2018b). Waste, poverty and recycling Waste, poverty and recycling. Waste Management, 30(2), 171–173.

Hari Bhakta Sharma, Kumar Raja Vanapalli, Biswajit Samal, V.R. Sankar Cheela, Brajesh K. Dubey, Jayanta Bhattacharya,Circular economy approach in solid waste management system to achieve UN-SDGs: Solutions for post-COVID recovery,Science of The Total Environment, Volume 800, 2021, 149605, ISSN 0048-9697.

HA Abu-Qdais, MA Al-Ghazo, and EM Al-Ghazo. Statistical Analysis and Characteristics of Hospital Medical Waste under Novel Coronavirus Outbreak. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage. 2020, DOI: 10.22034/GJESM.2019.06.SI.03.

Hufford A. Mask Makers Work With FEMA, Get Antitrust Protection. Coronavirus: The Wall Street Journal,; [accessed 15 January 2021].

Ioan, C., Onose, D. A., & Raluca, S. (2012). Waste management in public educational institutions of Bucharest city, Romania, 14, 71–78.

J.C. Prata, A.L. Silva, T.R. Walker, A.C. Duarte, T. Rocha-Santos COVID-19 pandemic repercussions on the use and management of plastics Environ Sci Technol, 54 (2020), pp. 7760-7765

Kaza S, Yao LC, Bhada-Tata P, Van Woerden F. 2018. What a waste 2.0: a global snapshot of solid waste management to 2050, published book, urban development. World bank, Washington, DC.

K.R. Vanapalli, H.B. Sharma, V.P. Ranjan, B. Samal, J. Bhattacharya, B.K. Dubey, et al. Challenges and strategies for effective plastic waste management during and post COVID-19 pandemic Sci Total Environ, 750 (2020), p. 141514

K.J. Card, D. Crozier, A. Dhawan, M. Dinh, E. Dolson, N. Farrokhian, et al. UV sterilization of personal protective equipment with idle laboratory biosafety cabinets during the Covid-19 pandemicmedRxiv (2020)

Lin, A. Y., Honbsc, S. T. H., & Wahlqvist, M. L. (2009). Waste management to improve food safety and security for health advancement, (March 2018).

Leal, F. W., Azul, A. M., Wall, T., Vasconcelos, C. R. P., Lange Salvia, A., Paço, A., et al. (2020). COVID - 19: the impact of a global crisis on sustainable development research. Sustain Sci. 16, 85–99. doi: 10.1007/s11625-020- 00866-y

Lee, C. 2019. “Toxic waste and race in the United States,” in Race and the Incidence of Environmental Hazards, eds B. Bryant and P. Mohai (New York, NY: Routledge), 10–27. doi: 10.4324/9780429303661-2

Memon MA. 2010. Integrated solid waste management based on the 3R approach. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag:7 Available via: the_3R_approach. Accessed 1 Mar 2021.

Mohee R (2005) Medical wastes characterisation in healthcare institutions in Mauritius. Waste Manag 25:575–581

Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas. 2019. Menteri Bambang Dukung Program Advokasi Terhadap Pimpinan Daerah untuk Percepat Capaian Air Bersih dan Sanitasi Layak.. 24 September. Accessed April 19, 2020.

Perkins Krystal M., Velazquez Luis, Munguia Nora. 2021. Reflections on Sustainable Consumption in the Context of COVID-19. Frontiers in Sustainability. 2; 26.

P.C. Bruijnincx, B.M. Weckhuysen Shale gas revolution: an opportunity for the production of biobased chemicals? Angew Chem Int Ed, 52 (2013), pp. 11980-11987

Sachs, J.; Schmidt-Traub, G.; Kroll, C.; Lafortune, G.; Fuller, G.; Woelm, F. The Sustainable Development Goals and COVID-19. In Sustainable Development Report 2020; Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK, 2020.

Sarkis, J. (2020). Supply chain sustainability: learning from the COVID-19 pandemic. Int. J. Oper. Prod. Manag. 41, 63–73. doi: 10.1108/IJOPM-08-2020-0568.

Schaltegger, S. (2020). Sustainability learnings from the COVID-19 crisis opportunities for resilient industry and business development. Sustain. Account. Manag. Policy J. doi: 10.1108/SAMPJ-08-2020-0296. [Epub ahead of print].

Starovoytova D. 2018. Solid waste management at a university campus (part 1/10): comprehensive-review on legal framework and background to waste management, at a global context, online published paper, J Environ Earth Sci, 8, no.4, p.71.

Storey, D., Santucci, L., Fraser, R., Aleluia, J., & Chomchuen, L. (2015). Designing effective partnerships for waste-to-resource initiatives: Lessons learned from developing countries.

Sukholthaman, P., Shirahada, K., & Sharp, A. (2017). Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences Toward effective multi-sector partnership: A case of municipal solid waste management service provision in. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 38(3), 324–330.

The World Bank. 2018. What a waste: an updated look into the future of solid waste management, online article, the world bank, IBRD.IDA, available via: updated-look-into-the-future-of-solid-waste-management. Accessed 1 Mar 2021.

The World Bank Blogs. The Redistributive Impact of Fiscal Policy Indicator: A New Global Standard for Assessing Govern- ment Effectiveness in Tackling Inequality within SDG Framework. Available online: redistributive-impact-fiscal-policy-indicator-new-global-standard-assessing government (accessed on 20 December 2020).

United Nations Environmental Program. 2013. "Guidelines for National Waste Management Strategies Moving from Challenges to Opportunities" (PDF). ISBN 978- 92-807-3333-4. Available: [3.11.2019]

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Waste Management during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Institute for Global Environment Strategies, Kenya. 2020.

World Economic Forum (WEF) (2020). COVID-19 risks outlook a preliminary mapping and its implications. Available online at: reports/covid- 19- risks- outlook- a- preliminary- mapping- and- its- implications (accessed December 21, 2020).

UNESCAP. Covid-19 and South Asia: National Strategies and Subregional Cooperation for Accelerating Inclusive, Sustainable and Resilient Recovery. Available online: (accessed on 3 January 2021).

WHO. 2020. “Recommendations Regarding the Use of Masks in the Context of COVID-19. “ 06 April. Accessed April 17, 2020. https://www. 2.

Weizman, E., and Sheikh, F. (2015). The conflict shoreline: colonialism as climate change. Göttingen: Steidl. Available online at: Conflict- Shoreline- Colonization- as- Climate- Change- in- the- Negev- Desert- 0821232758.html (accessed April 16, 2021)

Xiang Zhao, Jiří Jaromír Klemeš, Fengqi You, Energy and environmental sustainability of waste personal protective equipment (PPE) treatment under COVID-19, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,

Volume 153, 2022, 111786,

Y. Tao, F. You. Can decontamination and reuse of N95 respirators during COVID-19 pandemic provide energy, environmental, and economic benefits?

Appl Energy, 304 (2021), p. 117848



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.