Application of Gadamerian Hermeneutics in Medicine based on the Meaning of Mulla Sadra's Truth

Yousef Kheire, Seyyed Mohammad Amin Madayen


Hermeneutics has been introduced as a science of Tafsīrand Ta’wīland this science emphasizes human understanding. Various fields related to the fields of human life and human civilization are the fields of study of this science. the different realms of hermeneutics in the field of medical science requires special delicacy and precision; because any inconsistency of the doctor's understanding with the truth of the disease puts the patient at risk of death. The present article, by descriptive and analytical methods, has applied Gadamerian hermeneutics based on Mulla Sadra's explanation of the truth with the topics of medical hermeneutics. Gadamerian method of medical hermeneutics has paid special attention to understanding the disease due to the importance of human life, and according to this method, both the physician and the patient participate in achieving the nature of the disease according to a dialogical and two-way model. Understanding the truth of the disease follows understanding the truth of the human body; and since the truth of the body, according to Mulla Sadra, depends on the truth of the soul and it also depends on the origin of the universe, which has infinite perfections, then the truth of the human body is unlimited. In short, the physician and the patient proceed through a dialogical relationship to a layer-by-layer understanding of the truth of the disease.


Hermeneutics; Truth; Medicine; Disease

Full Text:



Aito, Jan, (1386 Hs) Dictionary of English Etymology, Hamid Kashanian, Tehran, New and Definite Publishing Culture.

Asghari, Mohammad, (1399 Hs), An Introduction to Contemporary Western Philosophies, from Husserl to Rorty, Tehran: Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies.

Askari, Abu Hilal, (1421 Hg), Dictionary of Linguistics, Qom, Islamic Publishing Institute.

Azad, Alireza et al. (Hassan Naghizadeh and Jahangir Masoudi), (Fall and Winter 1393 Hs), The Truth in Mulla Sadra's Transcendent Wisdom and Gadamer Philosophical Hermeneutics, No.

Bowie, A, (1998), Shleier marcher Hermeneutic and criticism, Cambridge: university press

Byrne, M, (2001), Hermeneutics as Methology for textual Analysis. AORN Journal. 73(5):962-970.

Craig, (1992), Rout ledge Encyclopedia of philosophy, Vol 8

Daniel, Stephen. 1986. “The Patient as Text: A Model of Clinical Hermeneutics” Theoretical Medicine 7:195-210

Dowling, M. (2004), Hermeneutics, An exploration, Nurse Research, 11(4): 30-39.

Dtiver, DanR, (1996), The philosophy of Religi language, sign, symboland story, oxford: Black well publish.

Gadamer, H, G, (1990), After ward to Truth and Method New York: crossroa.20

Gadamer,H,G, (1981) ,Truth and Method. Ed, G. Barden, cumming, London.

Habermas, Jürgen, (1375Hs), Critique in the Public Sphere, translated by Hossein Bashirieh, Tehran: Ney Publishing.

Hoy, David couzens (1981), The critical ciricle. University of California predd

Ibn Faris, Ahmad, (1415 Hg), Dictionary of Comparisons in the Field of Language, research by Shahab al-Din Abu Amr, Beirut, Dar al-Fikr.

Leder, Dre, 1990. “Clinical Interpretation: The Hermeneutics of Medicine” Theoretical Medicine 11:9-24.

Masoudi, Jahangir, (2007 HS), Hermeneutics as a research method in religious sciences, Journal of Qom University, Volume 8, Number 34.

Michnikovski, Jeffrey and Greenen, Catherine, Hermeneutics and Medicine, (1388Hs), Soroush Andisheh Magazine, Year 3, Issue 11.

Mulla Sadra, Mohammad Ibn Ibrahim, (1361 Hs), Al-Arshieh, edited by Gholamin Ahani, Tehran: Molly Publishing.

____, __________, (1363 Hs), Treatise on Imagination and Confirmation, by Mohsen Bidarfar, Qom: Bidar Publishing.

____, __________, (1378 Hs), Al-Mazaher Al-Almiyeh, by Seyyed Mohammad Khamenei, Tehran Hekmat Sadra Foundation.

____, __________, (1396 Hs), Al-Shawahid Al-Bubiyyah, research by Seyed Jalaluddin Ashtiani, Qom: Qom Book Garden.

____, __________, (1988 Hs), The Transcendent Wisdom in the Four Mental Travels, Beirut to the Center for the Revival of Arab Heritage.

Palmer, Richard E, (1988), Hermeneutics: Interception theory in shleirmcher, Dilthy, Heidegger and gadamer, U.S.A nourth western university press

Palmer, Richard, (1377 Hs), Hermeneutics, translated into Persian by Saeed Hanaei Kashani, Tehran: Hermes.

Svenaeus, Fredrik, (2000), Her me neutics of clinical practice, theorical medician and bioethics. Zi, no2: 171-189

Tabatabai, Mohammad Hussein, (1420 Hg), The End of Wisdom, Qom; Islamic Publishing Institute.

Tabatabai, Seyed Mohammad Hossein, (1377Hs), Comments on the Principles of Philosophy and the Method of Realism, Introduction and Footnote by Morteza Motahhari, Tehran, Sadra.

Vaezi, Ahmad, (Autumn 1378 Hs), What is Hermeneutics, fasl name zehn, No. 3.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.