Historical and Scientific Contexts of the Tendency of Qur'anic Scholars to the Scientific Miracle (I’jāz) of the Qur'ān

Mahdi Pichan, Amir Ahmadnezhad


Science and theories are influenced by the assumptions, beliefs and discourses that govern the situational context, and in other words, by the historical, cultural, social, and scientific conditions that govern the expert scientific community. Accurate and comprehensive explanation of any theory requires reflection on its historical and scientific contexts of its appearance. This study attempts to examine such contexts and contexts as factors that lead to the tendency of Qur'anic scholars to choose the Quranic scientific side of I’jāz over time. One of the most prominent causes of tendency to scientific miracle must be referred to unifying the scientific view of the Quran and avoiding divisive theological and jurisprudential views, confrontation and boredom against progress and colonialism of the West, scientific expertise of believers in scientific miracle and having a materialistic and mundane view toward Qur'anic verses based on the conditions and needs of the time.


Miracle (I’jāz) of the Qur'an; Scientific Miracle; Historical Contexts; Scientific Contexts; Paradigm; Historical Hermeneutics

Full Text:



Amidu Olalekan Sanni, "The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives", Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs,Vol. 34, No. 1. United Kingdom: Publisher Carfax Publishing Ltd; 2014, pp 86–91.

Asadabadi, Seyyed Jamaluddin and Sheikh Muhammad 'Abda, Al-'Urwa al-Wuthqā, Maktaba al-Bustānī; 1970.

Asadabadi, Seyyed Jamaluddin, Jamālī’s articles, by Abu al-Hassan Jamālī, Tehran: Islamic Publications; 1979.

Bazargan, Mehdi, Wind and Rain in the Qur’an, Research: Seyyed Muhammad Mahdi Ja’fari, Tehran: Publishing Joint Stock Company; None Date.

BigliardiS tefano, "The scientific miracle of the Quran pseudoscience and conspiracism", Zygon, Vol. 52, No. 1. United Kingdom: PublisherBlackwell Publishing Inc; 2017.

Gadamer, Hans-Georg. Introduction to philosophical Hermeneutics, Joel C. Weinsheimer, Jean Grondin, New haven and London: Yale University Press; 1994.

Gadamer, Hans Georg. Philosophical Hermen translated by Daved G.Linge, versity of eutis, California Press; 1977.

Ghazālī, Muhammad, Jawāhir al-Qur’an, Translator: Seyyed Hussein Khadīw jam, Second Edition, Tehran: Islamic Sciences Foundation; 1981.

Jansen, J. J. G. The Interpretation of the Qur’ān in Modern Egypt, Leiden: Publisher: E J Brill; 1980.

Josef Nasim Yusuf, Arabs, Romans, and Latvians in the War of the Crusades, Beirut; 1981.

Karami, Nasser, "Caliphate of Disagreement and Nostalgia of the Nation", Journal of Culture and Politics, Tehran: Idea Culture and Art Center; 2016.

Kariminia, Muhammad Mahdi, "A Study of the Numerical Miracle of the Holy Qur’ān from the Perspective of Abdul Razzaq Nawfil", Qur’ān and Science Magazine, No. 1; 2013.

Kawākibī, Abdul Rahmān, the Nature of Authoritarianism, Translator: Abdul Hussein Mirza Qajar, Qom: Islamic Propaganda Office Publishing Center; 1984.

Khalifa, R., The Computer speaks: God’s message to the world, Arizona: Renaissance Production; 1981.

Kraemer, Joel, Cultural Revival in the Buyids era, translated by Muhammad Saeed Hanayee Kashani, Tehran: University Publishing Center; 1996.

Kuhīl, Abd al-Dā’im, The Miracle of the Qur’ān in the Age of Information, Syria, The encyclopedia of scientific miracles in the Qur’ān and Sunnah; 2006.

Kuhn, Thomas S, the Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Second Edition, United States of America: University of Chicago Press; 1970.

Mahdavi Rad, Muhammad Ali, "The process of Quranic sciences writing", Binat, No.18; 1998.

Mainiyo Attahir Shehu & Muhammad Dahiru Shuni, "An Analysis of the Mysterious Letters of the Qur’an", International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, Vol 3, No. 4; 2014, PP. 44-50.

Mez, Adam, Islamic Civilization in the Fourth Century AH, translated by Zakavati Qaragozlou, Tehran: Sepehr; 1983.

Paktchi, Ahmad, History of Interpretation, Tehran: Imam Ṣādiq University Theological Society; 2008.

Palmer Richard E., Hermeneutics: Interpretation Theory in Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Heidegger, and Gadamer. Publisher Northwestern University Press; 1969.

Rafā’ī, Adnan, Discovery of a New Miracle in the Holy Qur’an, Syria; 1995.

Razavi, Abolfazl, Critical Philosophy of History, Tehran: Islamic Culture and Thought Research Institute Publishing Organization; 2012.

Sha’rāwī, Muhammad Mutawalī, Suspicions and nullities of the opponents of Islam and the response to them, Research: Abdul Qādir Ahmad Aṭā Beirut, Dār al-Qalam; None Date.

Shariati, Ali, Alawite Shiism and Safavi Shiism, Tehran: Shiite Publications; 1980.

Shariati, Ali, Recognition of Iranian-Islamic Identity, Sixth Edition, Tehran: Elham Publications; 1999.

Shariati, Ali, Worldview and Ideology, Tehran: Dr. Shariati's Proceedings and Arrangement Office; 1982.

Ṭanṭāwī, Ibn Jawharī, Al-Jawāhir Fī Tafsīr al-Qur’ān al-Karīm, Egypt: published by Mustafa al-Bābī al-Halabī; 1931.

Vaseghi, Sadr, Seyyed Jamaluddin, Founder of Islamic Wills, Tehran: Publishing Joint Stock Company; 1969.

Zafar Isḥaq, Ansari, "Scientific Exegesis of the Qur'an", Journal of Qur'anic Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1. Published by: Edinburgh University Press on behalf of the Centre for Islamic Studies at SOAS; 2001, pp. 91-104.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v8i10.2962


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.