The Political-Religious Role of Abu Bakr Hasiri Sistani Faqih Shafei in the Court of Ghaznavid Based on Two Literary and Historical Sources

Doostali Sanchooli, Seyyed Baqer Hosseini


Common interests emerged between religious leaders and rulers according to propagation of Islam and the close relationship between politics and religion in Iran. One of the personalities who had both of the two elements of politics and religion is Khajeh Abu Bakr Hassiri, the great jurisprudent of the Shafei religion in Sistan and the eastern countries of Iran, who entered the court of the Ghaznavids and enjoyed a high position. He was a special counsellor for Sultan in political and religious affairs. Given this issue, this study is in line with the answer to this main question: what political and religious role did Abu Bakr Hasiri, as the counsellor and the great jurisprident of the Shafei religion in eastern Iran, play in the court of the Ghaznavids? We assume that he played a key and influential role in the court of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni and his son, Sultan Massoud. The research method is descriptive-analytical and based on two literary and historical sources (Divan Farrokhi Sistani and Beyhaqi history). Due to the connection between politics and religion and the role of jurisprudents and religious leaders in legitimizing the rulers, Khajeh Abu Bakr Hassiri has greatly contributed to the political strategy of the Ghaznavid rulers to legitimize their political and religious views in public opinion, also, the support of the Ghaznavi rulers from Khajeh Abu Bakr and his religious ideas have played an important role in propagation the Shafi religion and marginalizing his religious rivals.


Ghaznavids; Relationship between Politics and Religion; Khaje Abu Bakr Hassiri; Farrokhi Sistani; Beyhaghi History

Full Text:



Aghili, Haji Ebn Nezam, (1985), Works of Ministers, by Jalaluddin Hosseini Armavi, Tehran: University of Tehran.

Barthold, Vasily Vladimirovich, (1987), Turkestan Letter in the era of Mongol invasion, second edition, translated by Karim Keshavarz, Tehran: Agah, 1987.

Basworth, Edmund Clifford, (1999), History of the Ghaznavids, second edition, translated by Hassan Anousheh, Tehran: Amirkabir.

Beyhaqi, Abolfazl, (2004), History of Beyhaqi, by Ali Akbar Fayyaz, by Mohammad Jafar Yahaghi, Mashhad: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.

Burns, T. J., Hekmatpour, P., & Speer, K. C. (2018). Human Interaction with the Natural Environment: The POETICAS Model as a Framework for Understanding and Praxis in Late Modernity. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 234-268.

Farrokhi Sistani, Ali Ebn Jolough, (1984), Poetry Divan, by Dr. Mohammad Dabirsiyak, Tehran: Zavar Bookstore.

Forouzani, Abolghasem, (2008), Ghaznavids from Genesis to Collapse, Third Edition, Tehran: Samat.

Fry, R.N (collector), (1993), History of Iran, vol. 4, translated by Hassan Anousheh, Tehran: Amir Kabir.

Gardizi, Abi Saeed Abdul Hai Ebn Zahak, (1984), Zayn al-Akhbar (History of Gardizi), edited by Abdul Hai Habibi, Tehran: Book World.

Hekmatpour, P., & Burns, T. J. (2019). Perception of Western governments’ hostility to Islam among European Muslims before and after ISIS: the important roles of residential segregation and education. The British journal of sociology.

Hekmatpour, P., Burns, T. J., & Boyd, T. W. (2017). Is Islam pro-or antienvironmental? Interpretations and implications. Journal of Asian Research, 1(1), 92-110.

Mohseni Tabrizi, A., & Hekmatpour, P. (2016). HIV/AIDS related stigma in Iran: A qualitative study. IAU International Journal of Social Sciences, 6(2), 13-19.

Moqaddasi, Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ebn Ahmad, (1411 AH), The best knowledge of the regions, Cairo: Madbouli School.

Shimoyama, Tomoko; Aghajari, Seyyed Hashem, (2015), "The Relationship between Religion and Politics in Seljuk Society, Social and Cultural Contradictions of the Ideology of Khajeh Nizam-ol-Molk and the Abbasid Caliph", Social History Research, Institute of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Volume 5, Number 1, pp. 83-100 .

Unknown, (2008), History of Sistan, edited by Mohammad Taghi Bahar, Tehran: Moin.

Wilfred, Madlung, (1993), "The disputes between the Hanafis and the Shafei in the middle period of Iranian history", translated by Rasoul Jafarian, Endowment of Immortal Heritage, first year, third issue, pp. 102-107.

Yousefi, Gholam Hossein, (2007), Gold Paper: Notes on Literature and History, Second Edition, Tehran: Sokhan.

Zidan, George, (2000), History of Islamic Civilization, translated by Ali Javaher Kalam, Tehran: Amir Kabir.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.