Analysis of Krishnamurti's Attitude towards Belief and Ideology

Mahdi Ghahraman


Ideology is one of the complex concepts that many thinkers from different sciences have talked about it and studied it; there is no comprehensive definition of what constitutes consensus among thinkers, or at least is acceptable to most of them; thinkers can be divided into three main spectrums regarding the definitions and characteristics that they have proposed for ideology. One group has a positive attitude towards ideology and has introduced it as a necessity for human life; another group has defined the ideology negatively, they not only did not evaluate it positively, but also introduced it as the cause of separation and division, etc., and sought to deny it; the other group introduces ideology as a neutral concept that can be characterized by both the positive features proposed by some thinkers and the negative features suggested by some other thinkers. Jiddu Krishnamurti is one of the thinkers who has a negative view towards ideology and rejects it due to some of the claimed characteristics such as segregation, separation, seduction and so on. This attitude is rejected by religious and non-religious thinkers.


Ideology; Belief; Thought; Krishnamurti; Islam

Full Text:



Akhavan Monfared, Hamid Reza, 1380 HS, the Role and Position of Ideology in the Theories of Revolution , Matin Research Journal, No. 10.

Alam al-Hoda, Ali; Fayyazi, Ibrahim; Ziaei, Hamid Reza; Va’ezi, Ali, 1396 HS, Analysis of the concept of ideology in the thought of Shari'ati and Soroush, Rite of Wisdom, No. 31.

Arendt, Hannah, 1392 HS, Totalitarianism, translated by Mohsen Thulāthī, Tehran, Thālith.

Baechler, Jean, 1372 HS, What is ideology? A Critique on Western Ideologies, Ali Asadi, Tehran, Publishing Company.

Ball, Terence; Dagger, Richard, 1387 HS, Ideals and Ideologies, Translator: Ahmad Sabouri Kashani, Tehran: Ameh Publishing.

Brijanian, Marie, 1371 HS, Dictionary of Philosophy and Social Sciences Terms, Volume I; Translator: Baha’uddin.

Daneshvar, Faezeh, 1395 HS, Rereading the Relationship between Law and Ideology in the Light of Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities, No. 32.

Eagleton, T., 1991 AD, Ideology: An introduction. New York: Verso.

Farāhīdī, Khalil ibn Ahmad, 1410 AH, Al-Ain, Qom, Ḥijrat.

Fooladi, Mohammad, 1394 HS, The Relationship between Religion and Ideology; Ideological religion, religious ideology, modern religious thought, No. 43.

Fotuhi, Mahmoud, 1388 HS, Reflection of the ideology in style and discourse.

Ghazanfari, Mohammad, 1385 HS, Analytical Framework of Ideology Criticism in Translation and a Look at the English Translation of the Blind Owl, Hedayat, Social Sciences and Humanities, Shiraz University, No. 46.

Heywood, Andrew, 1393 HS, Politics, Translator: Abdul Rahman Alam, Tehran: Ney Publishing, the main year of work: 1997 AD.

Ibn Manẓūr, Muhammad ibn Mukarram, 1414 AH, Lisān al-Arab. Beirut: Dar Ṣādir.

Imāmī, Yaḥyā, 1391 HS, Sociology of Religion in the opinion of Clifford Geertz, the specialized quarterly journal of social studies of religion.

Ja’fari, Mohammad Taghi, 1378 HS, Krishnamurti and his sophistry, compiled by Mohammad Reza Javadi, Islamic Culture Publishing House, first edition.

Kalantarinejad, Mohammad Reza, 1380 HS, Real Teacher: A Journey to Ohio and Some Articles by Krishnamurti, Tehran, Ashti Publications.

Krishnamurti, Jiddu, 1372 HS, Conversation with Krishnamurti, translated by Nasrin Zahed, Tehran, Talayah Publishing.

Marx, Karl et al., 1380 HS, Ludwig Fubach and German Ideology, translated by Parviz Babaei, Tehran, Cheshmeh.

McLellan, D., 1995 AD, Ideology, 2nd ed. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Mesbah Yazdi, Mohammad Taghi, nd, Comparative Ideology, Vol. 1, Qom, Institute of in the Right Path.

Mir Musavi, Sayyid Ali, 1381 HS, Fundamentals of human rights in Islam and other schools. Tehran: Institute of Islamic Culture and Thought.

Motahhari, Morteza, 1361 HS, Cognition, Tehran, Shari’at.

Nasri, Abdullah, 1377 HS, the Relationship between Religion and Ideology, Qabsat, No. 7.

Plamenatz, John, 1373 HS, Ideology, translated by Ezzatullah Fooladvand, Tehran, Scientific and Cultural Publications.

Rāghib Isfihānī, Hussein Ibn Muhammad, 1412 AH, Al-Mufradāt Fī Gharīb al-Qur’an, Beirut, Dar al-Qalam.

Raja'i, Mustafa, 1381 HS, Political Theory, Political Philosophy, Political Ideology, Translator: Ahmad Reza Taheri Poor.

Rocher, Guy, 1368 HS, Social Changes, Mansour Vosoughi, Tehran, Ney Publishing.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.