Principles Governing a Fair Trial under Islamic Jurisprudence and International Law

Amin Karamzadeh, Zahra Feiz


A fair trial along with the preservation of human dignity is one of the most important features of Islamic judicial measurement and is a guarantee for individuals to enjoy the fundamental principles of human rights such as freedom and equality. The administration of judicial justice is not only possible due to the existence of substantive laws, but also its executive and formal methods have a prominent and important role in this field, which is also understood by the international judicial system today. However, the weakness of human thought in formulating comprehensive and efficient laws prevents the realization of justice and the achievement of a fair trial. The present article - with a descriptive-analytical method - deals with the formal and principled laws in a fair trial from the perspective of the Islamic judicial system and concludes that the Islamic judicial system includes principles that guarantee the rights of the accused to the highest degree and observe and include this Formal principles and rules in law are a step towards establishing justice in judicial proceedings; However, these laws have been approved and emphasized much earlier than other systems along with the preservation of human dignity in the Islamic judiciary.


Islamic Jurisprudence; Human Rights; Human Dignity; Fair Trial; Islamic Law

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