Analysis of the Livelihood Vulnerability Index for Rice Farmers Households Due to Climate Change in Aceh Besar District

Melda Yulisa, Safrida Safrida, Indra Indra


Agriculture is highly dependent on climatic conditions for success in achieving maximum production not only influenced by superior seeds and technological mechanisms. One of the impacts that can be caused by climate change is to reduce agricultural productivity. One area or location that is affected by climate variability and the level of vulnerability and resilience can be identified is Aceh Besar district. The data obtained in this study can be analyzed quantitatively. The analytical methods used in this research are descriptive - quantitative analysis, Estimated Livelihood Index (LVI), risk analysis, and adaptation and mitigation strategies. The results showed that the vulnerability index through the calculation of LVI-IPCC in the category of vulnerability, Montasik area is more susceptible to drought; from the sensitivity category, Blang Bintang area is more sensitive to vulnerability; and from the adaptive capacity category, the Montasic region is more adaptable to climate change. The risks of climate change that are felt by farmers are in the form of decreased production, experiencing crop failure, more frequent droughts, dry agricultural land, difficult cultivated land, decreased volume of water sources, and pest outbreaks. The highest risk experienced by farmers in the Blang Bintang and Montasik areas is drought, with a percentage value of 80% in the Montasik area and 88% in the Blang Bintang area. The adaptation strategy taken by farmers to climate change is to form organic businesses, water-efficient farming, intercropping, rotating crops, planting dry-resistant varieties, and maintaining irrigation channels. The strategy mostly done by farmers in the Blang Bintang area is to do crop rotation and plant dry-resistant varieties, while in the Montasik area the farmers do more crop rotation.


Adaptation Strategy; Exposure; Farming; Vulnerability; Weather

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