The Strategies to Improve Critical Thinking Skills through Problem-Based Quantum Learning Model at Primary School

Elisabet Dyah Kusuma, Gunarhadi Gunarhadi, Riyadi Riyadi


The urgency of this research is to get the idea of students with critical thinking at Primary Schools of Karanganyar Sub-district. Currently, the learning process is considered as a non-critical thinking method for students. This research used descriptive statistical method to illustrate students’ critical thinking in detail at primary schools. Analysis of critical thinking was conducted on 156 students. The process of this analysis was measured by indicators of interpretation, analysis, evaluation, explanation, and conclusion. The results show that the students' skill in interpretation, analysis, explanation, and conclusion is at high level whereas there is a necessity to create a critical learning process of students to evaluate at the basic level in terms of improving critical thinking skills especially in the students’ problem-solving aspect.


Critical Thinking ability; Quantum Learning; Problems

Full Text:



Anderson, Lorin W; Krathwohl, David R. (2010). Kerangka Landasan Untuk Pembelajaran, Pengajaran, dan Asesmen. Agung Prihantoro (penerjemah). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bingham, A., (2004). Cocuklarda problem çözme yeteneklerinin geliştirilmesi.Çev. A. F. Oğuzkan. İstanbul: Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı Yayınları.

Boydak, A. (2008). Learning Styles *Öğrenme Stilleri+. Istanbul: Beyaz Publications.

Dawis, Andrew. (2012).The Effect of Quantum Learning on Standardized Test Scores versus schools that do not use Quantum Learning. Northwest Missouri State University Missouri.

Ennis. R. H. (1995). A logical basis for measuring critical thinking. Educational Leadership 4, 44-54.

Facione, A. P. (1990). The complete American Philosophical Association delphi research report. Millbrae, USA: The California Academic Press.

Gunarhadi, etc. (2014). The Impact of Quantum Teaching Strategy on the Academic Achievements of Students in Inclusive Schools. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction: Vol. 11: 191-205.

Kant, Immanuel. (2007). Anthropology, History, and Education. Mary Gregor dkk (penerjemah). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Mayers, B. E. & Dyer, J. E. (2006). The influence of student learning style on critical thinking skill. Journal of Agricultural Education, 47 (1), 43- 52.

Nurzaman, (2017).The Use of Problem Based Learning Model to Improve Quality Learning Students Morals. Journal of Education and Practice. ISSN 2222-1735 Vol. 8 No.9.

Roberts, R. D., Beh, H. C. & Stankov, L. (1985). Hick’s law, competing -task performance, and intelligence. Intelligence, 12, 111-130.

Sternberg, R. J. (1986). Teaching critical thinking: Eight easy ways to fail before you begin. The Phi Delta Kappan 68 (6), 456 -459.

Totan,T. (2011). The effect of problem solving skills training on the social and emotional learning needs and abilities of 6 th grade students 1 Problem çözme becerileri eğitiminin ilköğretim altıncı sınıf öğrencilerinin sosyal ve duygusal öğrenme ihtiyaçları ve becerileri, 11(3), 813–828.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.