Spiritual Poverty in Islam (1): Its Harms from the Perspective of the Holy Qur’an and Hadiths

Zeinab Azadbakhti, Khalil Parvini


The current era, despite the many advances in communication, technology, scientific and economic development that has taken place in it, not only has not brought security and mental and spiritual peace for human beings; rather, it has added to the mental pressures, worries, anxieties, and inseparable material and worldly attachments. Some people in this period have neglected their origin and have become confused. If a person neglects the spiritual dimension of his existence and forgets the truth of his existence and his originality, he will suffer from spiritual poverty. Spiritual poverty with its harmful damages has many adverse effects on the spiritual life of man and causes anxiety, worry and stress for him and endangers his mental and psychological security. According to the teachings of religion and Islam, the source of all these psychological anomalies and disturbed memories is cutting off from God Almighty and unbelief. Some people spend all their purpose and motivation on physical affairs and they are unaware of their spiritual knowledge and spiritual dimension. This means that if a person does not communicate with his Creator, he will experience turmoil in his life, inner worries and mental illnesses. The present article, using a descriptive-analytical method and relying on Qur’anic and narrative documents, while explaining the concept of spiritual poverty, has analyzed its most important harms. The research findings indicate that the most important harms of spiritual poverty include: feelings of emptiness and depression, aimlessness and meaninglessness, anxiety, despair and hopelessness and torment in the hereafter.


Spiritual Poverty; Anxiety; Harms of Spiritual Poverty; Islam; Emptiness and Depression; Holy Qur’an

Full Text:



The Holy Qur’an, Translated by Yusuf Ali.

Abdollahi Abed, Samad (2011). “Spiritual factors of increasing poverty and decreasing poverty in the Qur'an and hadiths”, Forth National Conference of the Holy Qur’an as Safinat al-Najah of the Time.

Al-Sharif al-Radī. Nahj al-Balaghah. Words attributed to Imam Ali (AS).

Ardakani, Ehsan and Shahgoli, Ahmad (2013). “The crisis of contemporary human absurdism and the meaning of life in the view of the Qur'an”, Journal of Spiritual Studies, 10.

Bostani, Mahmoud (1996). Islam and Psychology. Translated into Persian by Mohammad Hovayshm. Mashhad: Astan-e Qods Razawi.

Dehkhoda, Aliakbar (1998). Dehkhoda Dictionary. Tehran: University of Tehran.

Farāhīdī, Khalīl bin Ahmad (1410 AH). Al-‘Ayn. Beirut: Dar al-Hijrah.

Hakimi, Mohammad Reza; Hakimi, Mohammad; Hakimi, Ali (2001). Al-Hayat. Translated into Persian: Ahmad Aram. Tehran: Islamic Culture Publishing Office.

Hosseini, Seyed Hadi (2002). Poverty and Development in Religious Sources. Boostan Ketab.

Ibn Fāris Abul Hussain (1404 AH). Muʻjam Maqāyīs al-Lughah. Qom: Maktab al-Aʻlām al-Islāmi.

Izadi, A'zam (2012). Study of Poverty from Perspective of the Qur’anic Verses and Hadiths, (MA Thesis, Seminary of Khorasan).

Jawādī Āmulī, Abdullah (2013). Tasneem Exegesis. Qom: 'Isrā’.

Jawādī Āmulī, Abdullah (2016). Man from the Beginning to the Completion. Qom: 'Isrā’.

Kulaynī, Muhammad ibn Yaqub (1407 AH). ‘Usūl Kāfī. Corrected by: Ghaffari, Aliakbar. Tehran: Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiya.

Majlisī, Muhammad bin Bāḳir (1403 AH). Biḥār al-ʼAnwār. Beirut: Dar 'Ihyā’ al-Turāth al-‘Arabi; second print.

Motahhari, Morteza (2001). Religious Pathology, Tehran: Center of Education and Research.

Motahhari, Morteza (2006). Collected Works. Vol. 16. Tehran: Sadra.

Motahhari, Morteza (2006). Collected Works. Vol. 24. Tehran: Sadra.

Nasri, Abdollah (2011). Philosophy of Creation. Qom: Maaref Publications; fourth print.

Nejati, Muhammad Uthman (2013). The Qur’an and Psychology. Translated into Persian: Abas Arab. Mashhad: Astan-e Qods Razavi Research Foundation; second print.

Ṣadūq (Ibn Bābiwayh) Muhammad ibn Ali (1413 AH). Man Lā Yaḥḍaruh al-Faqīh. Researched by: Ghafari Ali Akbar. Qom: Islamic Publications Office.

Salarifar, Mohammad-Reza (2011). Mental Health with Approach to Islamic Sources. Qom: Research Center of Seminary and University, second print.

Sane'i, Seyed Mehdi (2003). Mental Health in Islam. Qom: Boostan-e Ketab.

Shamsabadi, Fereshteh (2012). Poverty of Spirituality, the Cause of the Fall of Human Dignity. Khorasan Seminary.

Tabataba’I, Sayed Muhammad Hussein (1975). Spirituality of Shiism. Qom: Tashayyu’ Publications.

Taherzadeh, Asghar (2010). Danger of Materializing Religion. Isfehan: Lub al-Mizan.

Tamīmī Amidī Abdul Wāhid (1987). Taṣnīf Ghurar al-Ḥikam wa Durar al-Kalim. Qom: Islamic Propagations Office.

Ṭurayḥī Fakhr al-Din (1416 AH). Majamaʻ al-Baḥrayn. Tehran: Mortazavi Publication; third print.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v7i9.1885


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.