Land of Hope and Land of the Lost: Study of Power Relations and Local Wisdom Ethnic Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia

Bartoven Vivit Nurdin, Damayanti Damayanti

Abstract


This paper examines the marginalization of indigenous lands belonging to Lampung ethnic group and changes in power relations between Java and Lampung ethnic groups. Lampung has been the destination area of colonization since 1905 and was followed by transmigration of Javanese. The turnout of population from Java in Lampung was a part of the program of development distribution and poverty alleviation in Indonesia. The impact of the arrival of Javanese to Lampung is the marginalization of indigenous lands in Lampung. The lands in Lampung have been largely controlled by the new comers and the plantation companies growing in Lampung. The relationship between Javanese and Lampung ethnic groups has also given an effect to this marginalization. The research used qualitative method with ethnographic approach. The data were collected through in-depth interviews and participative observation. The results of this investigation indicate that the marginalization of land belonging to Lampung ethnic group occurs in such a way that not realized by the Lampungnese or may due to the change of the views of Lampungnese on the meaning of "power”. A power over a land has no longer described the real power, but the power in the political system and the local bureaucracy does. Lampung ethnic group also experienced extinction in the culture, except the identity of the "self-esteem" which has been actualized in form of power in local politics.


Keywords


Power; Marginalization; Tribe; Indigenous lands; Lampung ethnic group; Java Ethnic group

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Lampung dalam Angka. Lampung: Badan Pusat Statistik. Dove, M. R. (1985). Forewords in Michael R. Dove (ed). Peranan kebudayaan tradisional indonesia dalam modernisasi. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Dove, M.R. (2006). Indigenous people and environmental politics. Annual Reviews of Anthropology 35, 191-208.

Dove, M. R. (1998). Living rubber, dead land persisting systems in borneo; indigenous representations of sustainability. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 154 (1), 20-54.

Dove, M. R. (1985). The agro ecological mythology of the Javanese and the political economy of Indonesia. Indonesia 39, 1-35.

Dove, M.R. & Sugeng Martopo. (1985). Manusia dan alang-alang di indonesia. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.

Elmhirst, R. (2001). Resource struggles and the politics of place in north Lampung, Indonesia. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 22 (3), 284-306.

Foucault, M. (1980). Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and others Writings, 1972-1977. New York: Pantheon Books.

Fortes, M. & Evans-Pritchard, E.E. (1940). African Political Systems. London: Oxford University Press.

Hammersley, M. & Atkinson, P. (1983). Ethnography principles in practice. Tavistock Publication.

Hilman Hadikusuma. (1989). Masyarakat dan Adat Budaya Lampung. Bandung: Mandar Madju.

Kingston, J. B. (1991). Manipulating Tradition, the state, adat, popular protest and class conflict in colonial Lampung. Journal Indonesia 51, 21-46.

Kompas. (2003). Kopi, Lada dan Petani Lampung. Monday 8th of September.

Levang, P. (1997). Ayo ke Tanah Sabrang: Transmigrasi di Indonesia. From original title La terre d’ence-face-La Transmigration en Indonesie (translated by : Sri Ambar Wahyuni Prayoga). Jakarta: Gramedia.

Myrna Safitri.(2007). Konstruksi Hutan Adat: pilihan hukum pengakuan masyarakat adat atas sumberdaya hutan. Jakarta: Forum Komunikasi Kehutanan Masyarakat (FKKM) - Ford Foundation.

Myrna Safitri. (2006, Juni 19-23). Change without Reform? Community Forestry in Decentralizing Indonesia. In authored by A V R Acharyulu, Professor and Dean, Pioneer School of Management, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam and Ajoy Mathew, Reader, School of Management, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India. The Commons in an age of Global Transition: Challenges, Risks and Opportunities, 11th IASCP Conference, di Bali, Indonesia. Accessed on 8th of April 2011 from http://dlc.dlib.indiana.edu/dlc/bitstream/handle/10535/341/Safitri_Myrna_Change.pdf?sequence=1.

Netting, R. Mc. (1980). Balancing on an alp, Ecological change and continuity in a Swiss mountain community. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Radcliffe-Brown, A.R. (1940). "Preface". African Political Systems (London: Oxford University Press). pp. xi–xxiii.

Sandra Moniaga .(2006, November 2006). Ketika Undang - Undang Hanya diberlakukan pada 39% Wilayah Daratan Indonesia. Majalah Forum Keadilan 27. Accessed on 9th of May 2011 from http://ebookbrowse.com/forumkeadilan-n0-14-30-juli-2006-sandra-moniaga-bagian-i-pdf-d61343065.

Zulkifli Lubis. (1997, December). Repong Damar: Kajian tentang Pengambilan Keputusan dalam Pengelolaan Lahan Hutan di Pesisir Krui, Lampung Barat. Cifor Working Paper 20, 1-17. Accessed on 11th of May 2011 from http://geografi.ums.ac.id/ebook/Regional%20Analysis/pengelo_pesisir krui.pdf.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v5i1.154

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
https://ijmmu.com
[email protected]
dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu
facebook.com/ijmmu
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.