Maladies of Development in India - Protest against Large Scale Dams: A Case of Hirakud Dam

Kishor Kumar Podh


Development for whom, who get the benefits etc. became principal agenda in the present development discourses. It not limited to the development practitioners, politicians but also among the intellectuals. Major developmental projects which required larger areas of land such as dams projects, unable to provide proper rehabilitation to the effected people. The case of Hirakud Dam stands as an example of malady development in India. Numbers of big dams were constructed in the country, but, even till date no successful case of rehabilitation and resettlement comes to front. The questions deserve the right to ask the government and development practitioners, decision makers of the country. Who get the benefit? For whom you made such projects? If the common people (at least the affected people) should enjoy the benefit from the development project. The paper tends to highlight development scenario of the country with reference to big dams, and tries to draw conclusion from the Hirakud Dam project in Odisha, retain the position of longest earthen dam of world. The milieu of successful, failure of resettlement causes of the rebellion against the dam. The affected people have no got their compensation till today. On the other hand government of Indian planned more numbers of hydro-projects (Dams), industrial set up. Can, new projects escape from the malady?

Full Text:



Baboo, B. (2009). Politics of water: The case of the Hirakud dam in Orissa, India. International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology , 1 (8), 139-144.

Cernea, M. M. (1997). Hydropower Dams and Social Impacts:A Sociological Perspective. Social Assessment Series (044).

Cernea, M. M. (2000). Risks, Safeguards and Reconstructions: A Model for Population Displacement and Resetllement. Economic & Political Weekly , 35 (41), 7-13.

Chakraborty, M. (n.d.). Resettlement of Large Dam Oustees in India. People and Dams , 20-34.

Down To Earth. (2007, December 31). 30,000 farmers demand Hirakud dam water. Retrieved March 17, 2012, from

Government of Orissa. (2006). Flood Report of Hirakud Reservoir for 2006. Superintendent Engineer Hirakud Dam Circle, Department of Water Resources. Burla: Government of Orissa.

Kothari, S. (1996, June 15). Whose Nation? The Displaced as Victims of Development. Economic and Political Weekly .

Mahalik, N. (2005, April). Dam Across Mahanadi: A Dream Project of Dr. A.N. Khosla. Orissa Review , 74-78.

Nayak, A. K. (2010). Big Dams and Protests in India: A Study of Hirakud Dam. Economic & Political Weekly , 45 (2), 69-73.

Odisha: Hirakud Dam Displaced Families Protested Against State's Apathetic Attitude towards proper Rehabilitation and Resettlement. - See more at: ttp:// (2013, August Saturday, 24). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from

Pati, B. (2008, June 19). Hirakud dam: Displaced families seek rehabilitation - See more at: Retrieved June 21, 2015, from

Ray, P. (2000). Development Induced Displacement in India. SARWATCH , 2 (1).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.