Has Empowerment Program Been Appropriate for the Need of Fisheries Business Player? : Case Study in Lampung Province, Indonesia

Irwan Effendi, Helvi Yanfika, Sumaryo Sumaryo, Indah Listiana, Abdul Mutolib, Ali Rahmat

Abstract


This study analyzed the appropriateness of empowerment program regarding the needs of traditional fish processors. This study applied the descriptive qualitative method using the model of Context – Input – Process – Product (CIPP) and Focus Group Discussion. Various activities were described based on observation and interview data. This study was conducted in three areas in Lampung Province, namely: East Lampung Regency, Pringsewu Regency, and Tanggamus Regency. Those areas are considered as a center the traditional fish processing with activities include fish salting, fish smoking, fish salty steamed, and fish fermentation. The research was conducted from July until September 2017. The result show, Generally, empowerment program for fisheries business players has been quite appropriate to their need, particularly in the sector of fish capture, aquaculture, and fish processing as seen from the high value in the aspect of context (appropriateness of program and problem, needs, and solving problem) and input (number and capability of extension officer, facility and infrastructure, fund). However, the value obtained in the aspect of process (socialization activity, assistance, appropriateness of implementation and plan) and product (target achievement, fulfillment of needs, and increasing income of fish processor) was still limited and need to be increased through intensive assistance by extension agent to achieve the objective of empowerment program of food self-sufficiency and welfare improvement of business players in fisheries sector.


Keywords


Empowerment; Extension Agent; Fish Processors; Business players

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, A.A. (2008). Post-Harvest Losses of Fish in Developing Countries. Nutrition and Health.19: 273-287.

Ames GR (1990) The kinds and levels of post-harvest losses in African inland fisheries. Proceedings of the Symposium on Post-Harvest Fish Technology, FAO, Rome, Italy. pp: 1-10.

Barombo, A. (2012). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Melalui Koperasi Credit Union (CU) Studi Pada CU Khatulistiwa Bakti Pontianak. Jurnal Program Studi Ilmu Sosial. (In Indonesia)

Fréon, P., Sueiro, J. C., Iriarte, F., Miro Evar, O. F., Landa, Y., Mittaine, J. F., & Bouchon, M. (2014). Harvesting for food versus feed: A review of Peruvian fisheries in a global context. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries. 24:381–398.

Hanssmann, C., Morrison, D., Russian, E., Shiu-Thornton, S., & Bowen, D. (2010). A Community-Based Program Evaluation of Community Competency Trainings. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. 21: 240-255.

Kittinger, J.N., et al., 2015. From Reef to Table: Social and Ecological Factors Affecting Coral Reef Fisheries, Artisanal Seafood Supply Chains, And Seafood Security. Plos One.10: e0123856.

Laisa, D. D., Sayekti, W. D., & Nugraha, A. (2013). Analisis Harga Pokok Produksi Dan Strategi Pengembangan Industri Pengolahan Ikan Teri Nasi Kering Di Pulau Pasaran Kecamatan Teluk Betung Barat Kota Bandar Lampung. Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Agribisnis. 1: 111–117.

Tulusan., F. M. G. & Londa., V. Y. (2014). Peningkatan Pendapatan Masyarakat Melalui Program Pemberdayaan Di Desa Lolah II Kecamatan Tombariri Kabupaten Minahasa. Jurnal LPPM Bidang EkoSosBudKum. 1:92-105.

Mosnaim, G. S., Li, H., Damitz, M., Sharp, L. K., Li, Z., Talati, A., & Powell, L. H. (2011). Evaluation of the Fight Asthma Now (FAN) program to improve asthma knowledge in urban youth and teenagers. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 125: AB59.

Nazdan, N., Setiawan, B., & Sukandar, D. (2017). Analisis Potensi Dan Pengelolaan Perikanan Dalam Perspektif Ketahanan Pangan Di Wilayah Pesisir Kabupaten Lampung Barat. Jurnal Gizi Dan Pangan. 3: 149-155.

Reswita. (2014). Kelayakan usaha pengolah ikan asin di Kelurahan Sumber Jaya Kecamatan Kampung Melayu Kota Bengkulu. AGRISEP. 14: 247-225.

Sharpe, E. K., Forrester, S., & Mandigo, J. (2016). Engaging Community Providers to Create More Active After-School Environments: Results from The Ontario Catch Kids Club Implementation Project. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 8: 26-31.

Silvenius, F., Grönroos, J., Kankainen, M., Kurppa, S., Mäkinen, T., & Vielma, J. (2017). Impact of Feed Raw Material to Climate and Eutrophication Impacts of Finnish Rainbow Trout Farming and Comparisons on Climate Impact and Eutrophication Between Farmed and Wild Fish. Journal of Cleaner Production. 164: 1467-1473.

Soejono, D. (2008). Pola Pengembangan Agroindustri Berbasis Perikanan Laut Di Kecamatan Puger Kabupaten Jember. Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics. 2: 30-37.

Stroud, G.D. (1988) A technical and economical appraisal of artisanal smoking ovens in Ghana. Proceedings of FAO Expert Consultation on Fish Technology in Africa. Proceedings of FAO Expert Consultation on Planning and Development.Report No: 400

Tatuh, H. A., Rorong, J., & Sudewi, S. (2016). Analisis Kandungan Formalin Pada Berbagai Jenis Ikan Di Kota Manado. PHARMACON Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi. 5: 162-167.

Teh, L.S.L., Teh, L.C.L., Sumaila, U.R., 2011. Quantifying the Overlooked Socio-Economiccontribution of Small-Scale Fisheries in Sabah, Malaysia. Fisheries Research. 110: 450–458.

Uddin, R., Wahid, M. I., Jesmeen, T., Huda, N. H., & Sutradhar, K. B. (2011). Detection of formalin in fish samples collected from Dhaka city, Bangladesh. Stamford Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 4: 49-52.

Wijayanti, N. S., & Lukitasari, M. (2018). Analisis Kandungan Formalin dan Uji Organoleptik Ikan Asin yang Beredar di Pasar Besar Madiun. Florea : Jurnal Biologi Dan Pembelajarannya. 3: 59-64




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v6i4.982

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
https://ijmmu.com
[email protected]
dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu
facebook.com/ijmmu
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.