Study of Physical Vulnerability Mapping of the Coastal Areas of North - East Aceh

Agus Sumardi, Eldina Fatimah, Nizamuddin Nizamuddin

Abstract


The coastal physical vulnerability study conducted in the North-East coast region of Aceh, which was focused on the calculation of the physical vulnerability index based on the Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) method which was integrated with the Geographic Information System (GIS) to determine the most dominant contribution to coastal vulnerability. The index is calculated based on six variables: geomorphology, coastal erosion, slope, changes in sea level, wave height and tidal range. Basically, the emphasis on methodological aspects is related to: (i) the use of GIS techniques to construct, interpolate, filter, and sample data for shoreline networks, (ii) physical vulnerability calculations using the CVI method approach, and (iii) values CVI is applied in vulnerability maps using the GIS program by providing CVI ratings to three levels, namely low, medium, and high. The results of this study indicate that the coastal physical vulnerability of the North East Aceh region is dominated by a moderate level of vulnerability of 83.61% with 51 sub-districts, and then a low vulnerability of 9.84% with 6 sub-districts, and a high vulnerability of 6.56% with 4 sub-districts out of a total of 61 Districts in 10 Regencies / Cities on the North-East coast of Aceh. According to physical conditions, each variable has the same weight, so that each variable has the same contribution to the vulnerability index of the North-East coastal region of Aceh.

Keywords


Coastal Vulnerability; CVI; GIS; Coastline

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acehprov, 2014, “Geografis Aceh”, diakses tanggal 3 November 2016 dari http://acehprov.go.id/profil/read/2014/01/30/11/geografis-aceh.html

Agustin, S, 2015, “Penilaian Indeks Kerentanan Fisik Wilayah Pesisir Pantai Barat–Selatan Aceh”, Tesis Pascasarjana Program Studi Magister Teknik Sipil, Universitas Syiah Kuala.

BNPB (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana), 2008, “Pedoman Penyusunan Rencana Penanggulangan Bencana”, Peraturan Kepala Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana Nomor 4 Tahun 2008, Jakarta.

Gornitz, V. M., Beaty, T. W., & Daniels, R. C., 1997, “A Coastal Hazards Data Base for the U.S. West Coast”, ORNL/CDIAC-81 NDP-043 C, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S. DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/ssr.ndp043c. December 1997.

IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), 2007, “Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis”, Summary for Policymakers, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Kasim, F., 2011. “Penilaian Kerentanan Pantai Menggunakan Metode Integrasi CVI-MCA dan SIG, Studi Kasus Garis Pantai Pesisir Utara Indramayu”, Tesis Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB, Bogor.

Koddeng, 2011, “Zonasi Kawasan Pesisir Pantai Makassar Berbasis Mitigasi Bencana, Studi Kasus: Pantai Barambong (Celebes Convention Centre)”, Prosiding, Program Studi Pengembangan Wilayah Kota, Jurusan Teknik Arsitektur, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makasar.

Muhi, A. H., 2011, “Praktek Lingkungan Hidup”, Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri (IPDN), Jatinangor, Jawa Barat.

Musthafa, M. B., 2013, “Rancang Bangun Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG) Berbasis Web untuk Memantau Kualitas SLTP di Kabupaten Gresik”, Teknik Informatika, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim, Malang

Paharuddin, 2011, “Aplikasi Sistem Informasi Geografi untuk Kajian Kerentanan Pantai Utara Jakarta” Tesis Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Sulma, S., 2012, “Kerentanan Pesisir terhadap Kenaikan Muka Air (Studi Kasus: Surabaya dan Daerah Sekitarnya)”, Tesis Pascasarjana Program Studi : Magister Ilmu Geografi FMIPA, Universitas Indonesia.

USGS (The United States Geological Survey), 2018, “Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS)”, diakses tanggal 29 Desember 2018 dari www.usgs.gov/centers/whcmsc/science/digital-shoreline-analysis-system




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v6i4.944

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
https://ijmmu.com
[email protected]
dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu
facebook.com/ijmmu
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.