Phonics Approach in Teaching Reading

Atika Salman Paris


This research aimed to determine the effectiveness of phonics approach in teaching reading for the seventh graders of SMP Negeri 1 Aikmel, East Lombok, and to what extent it is effective. This research was designed as pre-experimental with read aloud test as the instrument to collect data. The sample of this research consisted of 36 students of SMP Negeri 1 Aikmel. The sample was taken through purposive sampling. In collecting the data, a pre-test and a post-test were given to the students. SPSS 17 for Windows and paired-sample t-test were applied to analyze the collected data. After calculating the data, it was found that there was a significant difference in the mean scores between pre-test and post-test, t(df=35) = 23.314 at p = 0.001, meaning that the null hypothesis was rejected and the alternative hypothesis was accepted. In a nutshell, phonics approach was significantly effective in teaching reading for the seventh graders of SMP Negeri 1 Aikmel.


Phonics Approach; Teaching; Reading; Pre-Experimental

Full Text:



Adam, M. J. (1994). Beginning to read: Thinking and learning about print. London: MIT Press.

Bald, J. (2007). Using Phonics to Teach Reading and Spelling. London: Paul Chapman Publisher.

Brand, M. (2004). Word savvy; integrating vocabulary, spelling and word study. Portland, ME: Stenhouse.

Danielle, S. McNamara. (2007). Reading Comprehension Strategies. Theories, Interventions, and Technologies. University of Memphis

Danielle, S. (2004). Doing quantitative research in education. London: SAGE Publication

Duke, N. K. and Pearson, P. D. (2002). Effective Practices for Developing Reading Comprehension. Third Edition

Morrow, K. (1996). Literature link to phonics. USA. Library of Congress Catalogue in Publication Data.

Sarwono, J. and Purmanto, Y. (2013). English for academic purposes: A successful way to learn scientific English. Yogyakarta.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.