Explaining the Power of Imagination in Farabi's Philosophy In Order to Provide a Theoretical Framework and Infer Its Implications in Aesthetic Education

Malek Qaiser Shahriari, Mohammad Hasan Mirzamohammadi, Mehdi Sobhaninejad


Farabi, among the Islamic and Western philosophers, is the first person who discussed extensively about imagination. Farabi considers imagination to be the intermediary between sensory and intellectual perception and the only way for the president to reach reasonable truths and also the only way to lead people to rational happiness. The general purpose of the current research is to explain the power of imagination in Farabi's philosophy in order to provide a theoretical framework and infer its implications in aesthetic education. Therefore, this research intends to derive the foundations, goals, principles and methods of aesthetic education based on the innovation and importance given by Farabi to the power of imagination. In this research, six questions were designed and formulated, and in order to answer the research questions, the combined documentary research method and conceptual analysis of the type of concept interpretation and conceptualization, as well as the inferential research method of the progressive type and the analytical method and the fishing tool were used. In order to answer how to explain the power of imagination in Farabi's view, we will examine the concept of imagination, specify its position and functions, and investigate its connection with prophecy and prosperity, and its social and political role. Then, in order to extract the theoretical framework, we enumerate the concepts of imagination, revelation, active intellect, true dream, the place of imagination in sensations and senses, functions and goals, and in this way, we reach the basics of aesthetic education, in this direction, to topics such as human, We discuss moderation and existential happiness and summarize its ultimate and secondary goals and consider principles such as perfectionism, moderation, attractiveness and creativity as the principles of aesthetic education. At the end, the methods of aesthetic education are discussed and the methods resulting from the principle of perfectionism (education and discipline, utopia), the methods resulting from the principle of moderation (perception of beauty, moderation of theoretical reason), the methods resulting from the principle of attractiveness (imaginary images, poetic imagination) And the resulting methods from the principle of creation (mental imagery, ideal art) are examined.


Imagination; Aesthetics; Aesthetic Education; Farabi; Education

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v11i6.5882


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