The Influence of Leader Member Exchange on Innovative Work Behavior (A Study of High School Teachers)

Widiastuti Widiastuti, Rosita Endang Kusmaryani


This research aimed to examine the influence of leader-member exchange on innovative work behavior among high school teachers in Bantul Regency. This ex-post facto research used a quantitative approach involving 259 teachers. The instruments used in this study were the scales of leader-member exchange and innovative work behavior. Reliability tests were carried out on several dimensions of LMX. On the affection dimension, the score was 0.741, on the loyalty dimension it was 0.806, on the contribution dimension it was 0.704, and on the professional respect dimension it was 0.729. The score of overall LMX was 0.914, and the score of innovative work behavior was 0.906. According to the overall analysis, leader-member exchange has an influence on innovative work behavior. Furthermore, the partial data analysis has found that: (1) the affective dimension of LMX influences innovative behavior with an influence size of 25.7%. (2) the loyalty dimension of LMX has no effect on innovative work behavior. (3) the contribution dimension of LMX influences innovative work behavior with an influence size of 5.1%. (4) the professional respect dimension of LMX does not affect innovative work behavior.


Leader-Member Exchange; Innovative Work Behavior; Teachers

Full Text:



Atatsi, E. A., Stoffers, J., & Kil, A. (2019). Factors affecting employee performance: a systematic literature review. Journal of Advances in Management Research, 16(3), 329–351.

Cortez, J. V. (2000). The development of leader-member exchange relationships and the effect of race and gender on these relationships. California School of Professional Psychology-Los Angeles.

Ghaus, B., Lodhi, I., & Shakir, M. (2018). Much of a Muchness? The Role of Gender Similarity in a Relationship between LMX and OCB. Global Social Sciences Review, 3(4), 284–308.

Gupta, M., Bhal, K. T., & Ansari, M. A. (2020). Relational age and leader–member exchange: mediating role of perceived trust. Journal of Indian Business Research, 12(4), 563–576.

Hammond, M. M., Neff, N. L., Farr, J. L., Schwall, A. R., & Zhao, X. (2011). Predictors of individual-level innovation at work: A meta-analysis. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 5(1), 90.

Harris, K. J., Harvey, P., Harris, R. B., & Cast, M. (2013). An investigation of abusive supervision, vicarious abusive supervision, and their joint impacts. The Journal of Social Psychology, 153(1), 38–50.

Islam, T., Ali, G., Ahmer, Z., Yousaf, U., & Umar, A. (n.d.). Consequences of Leader-member Exchange in Hospitality Sector: Moderating role of Gender.

Javed, B., Fatima, T., Khan, A. K., & Bashir, S. (2021). Impact of inclusive leadership on innovative work behavior: the role of creative self‐efficacy. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 55(3), 769–782.

Javed, B., Khan, A. K., Arjoon, S., Mashkoor, M., & Haque, A. ul. (2020). Openness to experience, ethical leadership, and innovative work behavior. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 54(1), 211–223.

Ju, B., & Li, J. (2019). Exploring the impact of training, job tenure, and education-job and skills-job matches on employee turnover intention. European Journal of Training and Development, 43(3/4), 214–231.

Khayati, N., & Sarjana, S. (2015). Efikasi diri dan kreativitas menciptakan inovasi guru. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 21(3), 243–262.

Kidwell, D. K. (2013). Principal investigators as knowledge brokers: A multiple case study of the creative actions of PIs in entrepreneurial science. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 80(2), 212–220.

Kim, M.-S., & Koo, D.-W. (2017). Linking LMX, engagement, innovative behavior, and job performance in hotel employees. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 29(12), 3044–3062.

Kock, N., Mayfield, M., Mayfield, J., Sexton, S., & De La Garza, L. M. (2019). Empathetic leadership: How leader emotional support and understanding influences follower performance. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 26(2), 217–236.

Kularathne, H. (2021). Impact of Leader-Member Exchange on Innovative Work Behaviour of Employees during the COVID-19 Pandemic Evidence from Information Technology-Business Process Management Industry, Sri Lanka.

Liden, R. C., & Graen, G. (1980). Generalizability of the vertical dyad linkage model of leadership. Academy of Management Journal, 23(3), 451–465.

Liden, R. C., & Maslyn, J. M. (1998). Multidimensionality of leader-member exchange: An empirical assessment through scale development. Journal of Management, 24(1), 43–72.

Nam, H.-J. (2020). Exploring of Factors Influencing Work-Family Conflict and Quality of LMX on Job Satisfaction among Married Female Workers. Journal of Convergence for Information Technology, 10(11), 64–76.

Omilion-Hodges, L. M., & Ptacek, J. K. (2021). Leader-member exchange and organizational communication: Facilitating a healthy work environment. Springer Nature.

Østergaard, C. R., Timmermans, B., & Kristinsson, K. (2011). Does a different view create something new? The effect of employee diversity on innovation. Research Policy, 40(3), 500–509.

Premalatha, T. (2017). Impact of Collective-Efficacy and Self-Efficacy on the Innovative Work Behaviour of Teachers in the Nilgiris District, Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Indian Psychȯlogy, 5(1).

Rudolph, C. W., Zacher, H., Finkelstein, L. M., Truxillo, D. M., Fraccaroli, F., & Kanfer, R. (2015). Intergenerational perceptions and conflicts in multi-age and multigenerational work environments. Facing the Challenges of a Multi-Age Workforce: A Use-Inspired Approach, 253–282.

Santri, R. P. (2016). Hubungan Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah dan Budaya Sekolah dengan Kinerja Guru SD Negeri di Kota Lubuklinggau. Manajer Pendidikan: Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Pendidikan Program Pascasarjana, 10(3).

Sugiyono, D. (2015). Metode penelitian pendidikan pendekatan kuantitatif, kualitatif dan R&D.

Sweetman, D., Luthans, F., Avey, J. B., & Luthans, B. C. (2011). Relationship between positive psychological capital and creative performance. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences/Revue Canadienne Des Sciences de l’Administration, 28(1), 4–13.

Torugsa, N., & Arundel, A. (2016). Complexity of innovation in the public sector: A workgroup-level analysis of related factors and outcomes. Public Management Review, 18(3), 392–416.

Widiastuti, W., & Kusmaryani, R. E. (2020). Hubungan Leader Member Exchange dengan Perilaku Inovatif Kerja: Studi pada Karyawan dengan Pemimpin Perempuan. Acta Psychologia, 2(1), 31–40.

Zhao, H., Liu, W., Li, J., & Yu, X. (2019). Leader–member exchange, organizational identification, and knowledge hiding: T he moderating role of relative leader–member exchange. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 40(7), 834–848.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.