Fear of Missing Out on Workplace: A Systematic Literature Review

Alyoriek Rahmadania, Sigit Sanyata


Fear of Missing Out (FOMO) is a term defined as the fear of being left behind. FOMO is not unique to a certain age group. It is experienced by anyone of any age group who has low levels of self-esteem and self-compassion and high levels of loneliness. So, it is likely that FOMO can be experienced not only by digital natives but also by digital immigrants such as parents, teachers, or grandparents. Although it has been mentioned that FOMO is not limited to certain age groups, a common research gap is that FOMO-related studies have mostly been conducted on adolescent populations and young adults/college students. FOMO on Workplace is the fear of losing career opportunities compared to other employees when on vacation or not working. This study aims to collect and analyze research related to FOMO conducted in the working adult population, especially employees/workers. In order to become one of the sources of information for professional organizations in providing interventions to employees either in personal or professional development. This study was a systematic review. The search was conducted using Google Scholar search on the Publish or Perish application with Publication name aimed at Elsevier, Sage, and Springer. This insight shows that FOMO was not only a relevant phenomenon for young people, teenagers, and students but also among workers.


Fear of Missing Out; Employees; FOMO Workplace

Full Text:



Alt, D., & Boniel-nissim, M. (2018). Parent – Adolescent Communication and Problematic Internet Use : The Mediating Role of Fear of Missing Out (FoMO). 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1177 /0192513X18783493.

Barry, C. T., & Wong, M. Y. (2020). Fear of missing out (FoMO): A generational phenomenon or an individual difference? Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 37(12), 2952–2966. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407520945394.

Budnick, C. J., Rogers, A. P., & Barber, L. K. (2019). The Fear of Missing Out at Work: Examining Costs and Benefits to Employee Health and Motivation.

Elhai, J. D., Levine, J. C., Alghraibeh, A. M., Alafnan, A. A., Aldraiweesh, A. A., & Hall, B. J. (2018). Fear of missing out : Testing relationships with negative a ff ectivity , online social engagement , and problematic smartphone use. Computers in Human Behavior, 89(March), 289–298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.08.020.

Gartner, J., Fink, M., & Maresch, D. (2022). The Role of Fear of Missing Out and Experience in the Formation of SME Decision Makers ’ Intentions to Adopt New Manufacturing Technologies. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 180(April), 121723. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.techfore.2022.121723.

Gupta, M., & Sharma, A. (2021). Fear of missing out: A brief overwiew of origin, theoretical underpinnings and relationship with mental health. World Journal of Clinical Cases, 8960(19), 4881–4889. https://doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v9.i19.4881.

Handayani, M., Ginting, B., & Purnama, D. S. (2023). International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding How Is Pre-Marriage Guidance Between the Years 2018-2022 in Indonesian Culture : A Systematic Review Study. 259–273.

Hayran, C. (2021). Well-Being and Fear of Missing Out ( FOMO ) on Digital Content in the Time of COVID-19 : A Correlational Analysis among University Students.

Kumar, V. V., & Lalatendu, K. J. (2020). ‘ I am perfectly imperfect because I am a media professional ’: Asserting the Association Between Media Consumption Attitude , Emotional Ownership and Personal. Asia Pacific Media Educator, 30(2), 160–179. https://doi.org/10.1177/1326365X20970424.

Labban, A., & Bizzi, L. (2021). Communication Via Social Media : How Employees Will Paradoxically Support the Organization while Putting Less Effort at Work. https://doi.org/10.1177 /23294884211005526.

Li, L., Niu, Z., Griffiths, M. D., Mei, S., Niu, Z., Griffiths, M. D., & Mei, S. (2021). A network analysis approach to the relationship between fear of missing out (FoMO), smartphone addiction, and social networking site use among a sample of Chinese university students. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.chb.2021.107086.

McGinnis, P. (2019). Social Theory at HBS: McGinnis’ Two FOs. The Harbus. https://harbus.org/2019/social-theory-at-hbs-mcginnis-two-fos/.

Przybylski, A. K., Murayama, K., Dehaan, C. R., & Gladwell, V. (2013). Motivational , emotional , and behavioral correlates of fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1841–1848. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.02.014.

Rogers, A. P., & Barber, L. K. (2019). Addressing FoMO and telepressure among university students : Could a technology intervention help with social media use and sleep disruption ? Computers in Human Behavior, 93(June 2018), 192–199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2018.12.016.

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2017). Self-Determination Theory. The Guilford Press.

Schuster, A. M., Cotten, S. R., & Meshi, D. (2023). Established Adults , Who Self Identify as Smartphone and / or Social Media Overusers , Struggle to Balance Smartphone Use for Personal and Work Purposes. Journal of Adult Development, 30(1), 78–89. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10804-022-09426-3.

Tandon, A., Dhir, A., Islam, N., & Talwar, S. (2021). Psychological and behavioral outcomes of social media-induced fear of missing out at the workplace. 136(April), 186–197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2021.07.036.

Tandon, A., Dhir, A., Talwar, S., & Kaur, P. (2022). Technological Forecasting & Social Change Social media induced fear of missing out (FoMO) and phubbing : Behavioural, relational and psychological outcomes. 174(August 2021).

Tomczyk, L., & Lizde-Selmanagic, E. (2018). Fear of Missing Out (FOMO) among youth in Bosnia and Herzegovina — scale and selected mechanisms. Children and Youth Services Review, 1–24.

Wang, Q. E., Hons, B. C., Myers, P. M. D., Ph, D., Sundaram, D., & Ph, D. (n.d.). Digital Natives and Digital Immigrants. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12599-013-0296-y.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v10i11.5115


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.