Representation of Symbolic Violence and Social Inequality in High Society Film

Cahyaning Safitri, Rima Firdaus, Adi Setijowati


This journal article examines the theory of Pierre Bourdieu, a French sociologist, in the breakdown of mechanisms of symbolic violence or social injustice in inter-social class life. Bourdieu's ideas on the theory of habitus, capital, arena, violence, and symbolic power will be used as a perspective in exposing injustice in the film High Society. The occurrence of working relations between the upper class or conglomerates and the lower middle class cannot be separated from various forms of symbolic violence which form the basis for the formation of various other types of violence, such as physical, psychological, economic, sexual violence, and so on. Symbolic violence is a form of violence that is not easy to recognize. This symbolic violence often operates by utilizing the discourse of symbols that affect the leadership, domination, power, and so on of one group by another group. The root of this problem occurs through the habitus of poverty and powerlessness that is experienced both economically, culturally, socially, and other symbolic capital. The symbolic violence that works in this film does not make the victims understand and understand that they are becoming objects and will not put up a fight.


Symbolic Violence; Social Inequality; Identity; Social Class; High Society Film

Full Text:



Arismunandar, Satrio. (2009). Pierre Bourdieu and His Thoughts About Habitus, Doxa, and Symbolic Violence. Journal academics, 1(8).

Al Qutuby, S., Kholiludin, T., & Salam, A. (2020). E-book-Religion and Culture of the Archipelago After Islamization-2020.

Burawoy, M. (2012). The roots of domination: Beyond Bourdieu and Gramsci. Sociology, 46(2), 187-206.

Bourdieu, P., & Novenanto, A. (2022). The Political Arena, the Social Sciences Arena, and the Journalistic Arena. Brawijaya Journal of Social Science, 2(1).

Castells, M. (2007). Communication, power and counter-power in the network society. International journal of communication, 1(1), 29.

Choi, J. (2015). Hallyu versus Hallyu-hwa. Korean Wave in the Age of Social Media, 31-52.

Dennison, S., & Lim, S. H. (Eds.). (2006). Remapping world cinema: Identity, culture and politics in film. Wallflower Press.

Guven, H. (2020). Industry 4.0 and marketing 4.0: From a digitalization and E-Commerce perspective. In Agile Business Leadership Methods for Industry 4.0 (pp. 25-46). Emerald Publishing Limited.

Hasnah, N. (2015). Representation of Symbolic Violence on Women's Bodies in Online Mass Media Specifically for Women. Journal of Solidarity, 4(2).

Jenkins, R. (2014). Pierre bourdieu. Routledge.

Himawan, K. K., Bambling, M., & Edirippulige, S. (2018). What does it mean to be single in Indonesia? Religiosity, social stigma, and marital status among never-married Indonesian adults. Sage Open, 8(3), 2158244018803132.

Kagermann, H. (2014). Change through digitization—Value creation in the age of Industry 4.0. In Management of permanent change (pp. 23-45). Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Kim, J., Unger, M. A., & Wagner, K. B. (2017). Beyond Hallyu: Innovation, social criticism, and experimentation in South Korean cinema and television. Quarterly Review of Film and Video, 34(4), 321-332.

Laub, C. R. (2017). The complexity of roles as a seedbed of individual autonomy. In The idea of ​​social structure (pp. 237-264). Routledge.

Luntz, F. (2007). Words that work: It's not what you say, it's what people hear. Hachette UK.

Mustikasari Mega, Arlin, and Syamsu A. Kamarudin. (2023). "Pierre Bourdieu's Thoughts in Understanding Social Reality". Journal of History Education and Humanities Social Research (KAGANGA), 6(1). e-ISSN: 2598-4934. p-ISSN: 2621-119X. DOI:

Marx, K. (1973). Karl Marx on society and social change: With selections by Friedrich Engels. University of ChicagoPress.

Marx, K. (2019). Alienation and social classes. In Social Stratification, Class, Race, and Gender in Sociological Perspective, Second Edition (pp. 87-91). Routledge.

Monaco, J. (2000). How to read a film: the world of movies, media, and multimedia: language, history, theory. Oxford University Press, USA.

Novarisa, G. (2019). Patriarchal domination takes the form of symbolic violence against women in soap operas. Bricolage: Journal of Master of Communication Studies, 5(02), 195-211.

Ramadhanti, W., Firdaus, D. R. S., & Trikusumaningtias, I. (2021). ANALYSIS OF CONFLICT VIEWS BETWEEN GENERATION X AND THE MILLENNIAL GENERATION REGARDING POPULAR CULTURE (Study of Roland Barthes' Semiotics in My Generation Film). Journal of Social Research in Communication Studies, 5(2), 118-126.

Firdaus, R., & Afdholy, N. (2023). How the Media Constructs Namibian Tourism as Escapism for Global Travelers in the Post-Pandemic Era. Journal of Namibian Studies: History Politics Culture, 33, 2618-2642.

Ryoo, W. (2009). Globalization, or the logic of cultural hybridization: The case of the Korean wave. Asian journal of communication, 19(2), 137-151.

Silmauly B.S., H., Aritonang, A. I., & Wahjudianata, A. (n.d.). Representation of Social Interaction between Classes in the film "Parasite". E-COMMUNICATION JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION STUDY PROGRAM PETRA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY, SURABAYA, VOL 8 NO.2 TAHUN 2020.

Setijowati, A. (2018). Symbolic Violence in the Guts by Putu Wijaya: Literature, Politics, and Reflection. Humanities Mosaic, 18(1), 1-14.

Shim, D. (2006). Hybridity and the rise of Korean popular culture in Asia. Media, culture & society, 28(1), 25-44.

Smedley, A. (1998). "Race" and the construction of human identity. American anthropologist, 100(3), 690-702.

Storper, M. (1992). The limits to globalization: technology districts and international trade. Economic geography, 68(1), 60-93.

Turner, G. (2006). Film as a social practice. Routledge.

Tajfel, H. (1974). Social identity and intergroup behavior. Social science information, 13(2), 65-93.

Tajfel, H. and Turner, J. C. 1986. The Social Identity Theory of Intergroup Behavior. Psychology of Intergroup Relations, 5, 7-24.

Ulya. (2016). Beware of Symbolic Violence in Parent-Child Relations. Palastren Journal, 9(2).

Wijaya, E., Aritonang, A. I., & Wahjudianata, M. (2018). Representation of Symbolic Violence in Hidden Figures Film. Journal of E-Communication, 6(2).

Zhang, W. (2014). The demand for shadow education in China: Mainstream teachers and power relations. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 34(4), 436-454.

Zeng, J., & Breslin, S. (2016). China's ‘new type of Great Power relations’: a G2 with Chinese characteristics?. International Affairs, 92(4), 773-794.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.