The Crucial Factors to Successfully Acquire a Target Language

I Gede Perdana Putra Narayana


The main objective of this study is to identify and describe important factors for effectively acquiring a target language. The study utilizes a library research method, gathering information from various sources to address the research question. It emphasizes the combination of both implicit and explicit knowledge, where learners benefit from immersive language exposure as well as conscious learning in formal settings like classrooms or online platforms. The use of comprehensible input is highly valued in language acquisition and should be incorporated in everyday contexts and classroom instruction. It is important for the content to be interesting and relevant to learners, capturing their attention and providing practical application in their daily lives. Successful polyglots' experiences support the effectiveness of acquiring languages through understandable input. A positive attitude towards the language creates a favorable learning environment, increases motivation, and improves overall proficiency. Learners who genuinely show interest and enthusiasm for the target language are more likely to invest time and effort in learning activities, seek additional resources, and engage in meaningful interactions. This positive attitude enhances intrinsic motivation, enabling learners to persist through challenges. Regular listening and reading activities have numerous benefits for language development. Immersing oneself in authentic audio materials and written texts exposes learners to natural language patterns, vocabulary usage, and cultural aspects. Engaging with various types of audio content enhances listening comprehension, phonetic awareness, and overall fluency. Based on these theoretical concepts, learners are strongly advised to apply these aspects in order to acquire their target language effectively.


Crucial Factors; Language Acquisition; Successful; Target Language

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