The Effect of Corrupt Practices on Electoral Participation, Campaign Activities, and the Performance of the Democratic Transition in Somalia

Mohamed Omar Bincof


The aim of this study is to examine the nexus between electoral corruption and political participation, such as voting and campaign activities, and the performance of the democratic transition in Somalia. Corruption has become endemic in political systems and democratic practices, leading to a global crisis. In particular, fraud, meddling, clannishness, and unsuccessful transitions marred Somalia's electoral past, which contributed to a dysfunctional state. This study used a qualitative method to interview 18 people from different professions. The findings of the study shed light on the pervasive corruption that has plagued recent indirect elections. The study observes that candidates have been threatened, election lists have been altered, votes have been purchased, and results have been manipulated, all of which have discouraged voters. The author finds that since clan representatives and traditional elders are compensated, the decision on who to vote for is also affected. The paper argues that much work remains to protect Somalia's fledgling democracy, achieve political participation, implement anti-corruption and accountability measures, and enact election campaign legislation.


Corruption; Campaign; Democratic; Somalia

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