The Parental Interaction Effects to Early Child Language Acquisition in Indonesia

Siti Salamah, Fathiaty Murtadho, Yumna Rasyid


Early childhood is a very important period for humans to acquire language. This research was conducted during the social prohibition policy period during the Covid-19 pandemic which had an impact on increasing the intensity of parent-child interaction. This affects language acquisition in early childhood which requires the environment as part of the driving force for language acquisition. The role of the mother in providing stimulation to children in mastering the language is very important. This study aims to describe how the influence of parental stimulation interactions given by mothers to their 28-month-old children has on language acquisition during social restrictions. Stimulation is given to children by telling stories, singing together, and playing together. The subjects and objects in this study were sounds, word forms, and sentences for children aged 28 months who were initially only able to pronounce a few vowels and consonants. The case study method was used in this study. Data collection was carried out using participatory observation methods. The data was then analyzed using the grammatical match method. The results showed that the stimulation technique given by the mother had an optimal contribution to the language development of early childhood. The stimulation technique given by the mother showed that the child could pronounce all vowels clearly and only a few consonants could not be pronounced (f, g, k, r, q, z, v). Morphologically, children can pronounce nouns, verbs, adjectives and numbers. Syntactically, children can say telegraph sentences from the two words stage utterance.


The Parental Interaction; Early Child; Stimulation; Language Acquisition

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