Human Resources Training and Development Activities: The Analysis of Their Roles in Increasing the Performance of the Company

Muhammad Muhammad, Vega Wafaretta, Dwi Narullia


This study investigates the role of training and development activities on company performance. The research data was obtained from Indonesia and Singapore from 2012-2021. This study uses panel analysis to answer the research question. This study produced various findings in each country and the training aspects used as measurements in this study. The element of training cost in Indonesia has a significant relationship with company performance, but different results were found in the context of Singapore. Furthermore, the aspect of training duration in Indonesia and Singapore contradicts the initial hypothesis developed in this study. This study contributes to regulators and company management in developing policies regarding training and development.


Human Resources Training; Human Resources Development; Company Performance

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