Higher Education Strategic Planning

Farman Tahseen Aziz


University education institutions play a central role in the progress and development of nations, due to their education aimed at preparing and training human energies that lead to social and economic development, and scientific research aimed at exploring the depths of knowledge and finding solutions to renewable needs, and serving the community aimed at meeting its requirements on the basis of Partnership with its institutions and individuals. As a result of the challenges faced by university education institutions during the previous decade in their internal and external environment, such as globalization, the information and communications revolution and the knowledge revolution, and in response to urgent challenges such as lack of financial support, rapid technical progress, and population changes, and the introduction of academic programs offered in universities, many universities turned to use Strategic planning to achieve beneficial strategic changes to accommodate and adapt to a rapidly changing environment. These challenges impose on university education to adapt itself develop its curricula and modify its methods according to it, and controlling universities in this way must have a scientific method and approach based on methods, entrances, methods, projection, prediction and others, that thought is strategic planning. whose task is not easy; Because under changing conditions and intertwined circumstances in place and time, it works in an atmosphere characterized by conflicts, resistances, tensions and uncertainty, and this led to the multiplicity of parties involved in the strategic planning process, which can be summarized in three: inputs - processes - outputs, and education planning is a rational process aimed at Specific social goals, and uses special means to achieve the goals, which is directed action that takes into account the available possibilities, and works to use them in the best use (1). As strategic planning has become the comprehensive view of all education problems, it is the primary tool and means of development, and it has a role in the growth of the economy and social life, as well as its role in the growth of culture and civilization in general. Therefore, countries resort to it; To search for guidance and solutions to the economic, political and social problems it faces (2). Strategic planning represents a next stage for the two quantitative and qualitative stages of the development of planning thought, which is planning based on calculating the changing environmental conditions and the needs of the labor market, taking into account the quality of society and life in it in the future. Its steps include: analyzing the elements of the internal and external surrounding environment, analyzing and determining the necessary resources (aids - facilities...etc), analyzing competitive opportunities, analyzing the sources of strength and weakness of the institution, formulating goals (currently and in the future) (3), and through Using the scientific method can develop plans and strategies, find alternatives to make decisions, solve new problems, analyze processes and quantitative and qualitative research methods (4).


Higher Education: Strategic Planning

Full Text:



Altbach P G .2019. The costs and benefits of world-class universities Academe (January-February) Available from: https://ejournals.bc.edu/ojs/index.php/ihe/article/viewFile/7381/6578.

- Direktorat Jenderal Pergururuan Tinggi (DIKTI) 2019 Strategi pendidikan tinggi jangka panjang 2003-2010 mewujudkan perguruan tinggi berkualitas Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia Available from: http://www.inherent-dikti.net/files/HELTS2003- 2018.pdf.

- Hill H and Wie T K .2013. Indonesian universities: Rapid growth, major challenges: Suryadarma D and Jones G W (eds) Education in Indonesia Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore

- UniRank .2017. Available from: http://www.4icu.org/reviews/universities urls/10169.shtm.

- Webometric 2017 Webometric Asia. Available from: http://www.webometrics.info/en/Asia/indonesia%20.

- Salmi J and Liu N C .2020. Paths to a world-class university In Liu N C Wang Q and Cheng Y(eds) Paths to a world-class university Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Sense Publishers, p ix.

- Zhang Y .2018. The Influence of Mental Models of undergraduate students’ searching behaviour on the web Information Processing and Management 44 (3), 1330-1345.

- Zhang Y .2018. Undergraduate Students’ Mental Models of the web as an information retrieval system Journal of the American Society and Technology, 59 (13), 2087-2098.

- Rencana Strategis UNIMA 2016-2020 .2016. UNIMA: Tondano – Indonesia.

- Li Y Whalley J Zhang S and Zhao X 2008 Higher educational transformation in China and its global implications The Centre for International Governance Innovation Policy Brief, 3.

- Kerr C .2019. The uses of the university Cambridge,MA: Harvard University Press.

- Wang Q H Wang Q and Liu N C .2019. Building world-class universities in China: Shanghai Jiao Tong University in Altbach P G and Salmi J (eds) The road of academic excellent, pp 33-62 Washington, DC: The World Bank.

- Birnbaum, R. 2019. Management Fads in Higher Education: Where They Come from, What They Do, Why They Fail. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

- Cohen, M. D., March, J. G., and Olsen, J. P. 2018. A garbage can model of organizational change. Administrative Science Quarterly 17, 1–25.

- Keller, G. 2020. Academic Strategy. The Management Revolution in American Higher Education. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

- Lewin, K. 2019. Field Theory in Social Science. New York: Harper and Row.

- Lindblohm, C. E. 2019. The science of muddling through. Public Administration Review 2, 79–88.

- Lockwood, G. and Davies, J. 2019. Universities: The Management Challenge. Philadelphia, PA: Nfer-Nelson.

- Mintzberg, H. 2018. The Fall and Rise of Strategic Planning. New York: Free Press.

- Tabatoni, P., Davies, J., and Barblan, A. 2017. Strategic Management and Universities’ Institutional Development. Brussels: European University Association.

- Taylor, J. and De Lourdes Machado, M. 2016. Higher education leadership and management: From conflict to interdependence through strategic planning. Tertiary Education and Management 2,137–160.

- Taylor, J. and Miroiu, A. 2019. Policy Making, Strategic Planning and Management of Higher Education. Bucharest: European Centre for Higher Education.

- Weick, K. E. 2017. Sense Making in Organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

- Clark, B. R. 2019. The Higher Education System. Academic Organization in Cross-National Perspective. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

- Kaplan, R. S. and Norton, D. P. 2016. The Balanced Scorecard. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press.

- Mintzberg, H. 2020. Strategy Safari: A Guided Tour Through the Wilds of Strategic Management. New York: Free Press.

- Morgan, G. 2021. Images of Organization. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

- Nagel, R. and Wimmer, R. 2017. Systemische Strategieentwicklung: Modelle und Instrumente fu ̈r Berater und Entscheider. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.

- Nonaka, I. and Takeuchi, H. 2019. The Knowledge-Creating Company: How Japanese Companies Create the Dynamics of Innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.

- Schreyo ̈ gg, G. 2017. Strategisches Management – Entwicklungstendenzen und Zukunftsperspektiven. Die Unternehmung. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fu ̈r betriebswirtschaftliche Forschung und Praxis 6, 387–407.

- Schreyo ̈ gg, G. 2018. Strategie folgt Struktur – Lektionen aus einem empirischen Befund fu ̈ r eine neue Theorie der Unternehmenssteuerung.

- Weick, K. E. 2016. Educational organizations as loosely coupled systems. Administrative Sciences Quarterly 21, 1–19.

- Whittington, R. 2018. What is Strategy – and Does It Matter? 2nd edn. London: Thompson Learning.

- Allison, M. J., & Kaye, J. 2017. Strategic planning for nonprofit organizations: A practical guide and workbook, second edition. San Francisco, CA: Compass Point Nonprofit Services.

- Argenti, J. 2020. Corporate planning - A practical guide. London, England: George Allen & Unwin.

- Burkhart, P. J., & Reuss, S. 2020. Successful strategic planning: A guide for nonprofit agencies and organizations. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

- Cleland, D. I., & Ireland, L. R. 2018. Project management: Strategic design and implementation. McGraw-Hill Professional.

- Google Search Dictionary. 2019. The definition of “audacious” is available at: https://www.google.com/search?q=audacious.

- Institute of International Education. 2019. U.S. study abroad: Leading institutions by institutional type. Available at http://www.iie.org/Research-and-Publications/Open-Doors/Data/US-Study-Abroad/Leading-Institutions-by-Institutional-Type. Full Open Doors

Reports are available at http://www.iie.org/Research-and-Publications/Open-Doors.

- Jacka, J. M., & Keller, P. J. 2017. Business process mapping: Improving customer satisfaction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

- Kashlak, R. 2020. Department of Management and International Business, Loyola University Maryland, Baltimore, MD. Personal communication.

- Olsen, E. 2018.Strategic planning kit for dummies, 2nd edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley&Sons, Inc.

- Baer, L., Duin, A., and Ramaley, J. 2018. Smart Change. Planning for Higher Education, 36(2),5-16.

- Bergquist, W.A. 2019. The Four Cultures of the Academy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v9i8.4098


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.