The Effect of the Preposition of “B” in the Interpretation of Verses from the Perspective of Some Shiite and Sunni Commentators (A Study of the Second Ten Juz’ of the Holy Quran)

Maryam Taebi


Harf (حرف) literally means the side and margin of anything, whether it is tangible of intangible. One of the types of Huruf (prepositions) is the jar preposition of “b” (ب). This research has examined the ten figurative meanings of this preposition with reference to the second ten Juz’ of the Holy Quran: 1. Conceptology, 2. The figurative meanings of the jar preposition of “b”, the attempt to protect the Holy Qur'an from distortion and misinterpretation, and the attempt to understand the truth of the divine revelations, is of the aims of this discussion. Due to the fact that this preposition induces various meanings in different positions according to syntactic rules and literary interpretations, it is necessary to know it and its figurative meanings. Failure to address this issue and not mentioning the figurative meaning of this letter will lead to a misunderstanding in the verses of the Qur'an and what God states. The present study is based on narrative-intellectual method with reference to some literary interpretations such as Al-Mizan, Majma 'al-Bayyan, Bahr al-Muhit, Al-Kashaf, Al-Tahrir va Al-Tanwir, Tebyan as six fixed sources and other sources, including Tafsir Al-Quran by Rashid Reza, etc. Also by referring to Syntactic sources such as Mughni al-Labib, al-Nahjah al-Marziyyah, Sharh al-Kafiyyah, syntactic and literary explorations, al-Burhan fi ‘Ulum a;-Quran, etc this significant issue has been addressed. The results obtained from the mentioned research are as follows: The preposition b has been used in addition to its real meanings in figurative meanings, including: 1. Isti’anat 2. End of purpose (Entehay-E Ghayat) 3. Mujavezat 4. Muqabilah 5. Emphasis 6. Sababiyyat 7. Zarfiyat 8. Oath 9. Ta’diyeh 10. Musabihat.


Figurative Meanings; Prepositions; Shiite and Sunni Literary Interpretations

Full Text:



Holy Quran.

Abu Hayyan, Al-Andulusi, (1990 A.D.) “Al-Bahr Al-Muhit”, Beirut: Dar al-Ahya’ Publications, Al-Turath Al-‘Arabi.

Al-Maliqi, Ahmed bin Al-Nour, (2002 A.D.) “Vasf al-Mabani fi Sharh Huruf al-Ma’ani”, researched by Ahmed Muhammad Al-Kharrat, Damascus: Dar Al-‘Ilm publications, third edition.

Al-Muradi, Al-Hassan Ibn Qasim, (1983 A.D.) “Al-Jani Al-Dani fi Huruf al-Ma’ani”, Researched by Fakhruddin Qabawa and Al-Akhrun, Beirut: Dar Al-Afaq Al-Jadidah Publications, Second Edition.

Dasuqi, (n.d.), “Hashiyah al- Dasuqi ‘Ala Mughni Al-Labib”, Qum: Zahedi Publications.

Hassan, ‘Abbas, (1975 A.D.) “Al-Nahv al-Vafi”, Cairo: Dar Al-Ma’arif publications.

Husseini, Seyyed ‘Ali, (2006 A.D.) “Translation of Mughni al-Adib ‘An Kutub al-A’arib”, Qum: Varian Publications.

Ibn ‘Ashur al-Tunisi, Muhammad ibn al-Tahir, (2000 A.D.) “Tahrir va al-Tanwir”, first edition. Beirut: Publications of the Institute of Tarikh al-‘Arabi.

Ibn Hisham Ansari, Jamal al-Din, (2002 A.D.) “Mughni al-Labib al-‘Arib”, Beirut: Maktabat Bani Hashem Publications, Vol. 1.

Isfahani, Murteza (2008 A.D.) “Syntactic and Literary Explorations: Complete Persian Description of Mughni Al-Labib”, Qum: Bustan Ketab Publications.

Rashid Reza, Mohammad, (n.d.) “Tafsir Al-Quran Al-Karim”, Beirut: Dar Al-Ma'rifah Publications.

Razi al-Din Astarabad, Mohammad Ibn Hassan (1975 A.D.) “Sharh Al-Kafiya Fi Al-Nahw”, Tehran: n.n.

Saban, Muhammad Ibn ‘Ali, (n.d.) “Hashiyah al-Saban ‘Ala Al-Sharh Al-Ashmouni ‘Ala Al-Fih Ibn Malik”, Beirut: Dar Al-Ahya Al-Kutub Al-‘Arabiya Publications.

Suyuti, Jalaluddin, (2008 A.D.) “Al-Itqan Fi ‘Ulum Al-Quran”, Beirut: Publications of Muassissah Al-Risalah,

Suyuti, Jalaluddin, (2012 A.D.) “Persian translation of Al-Nahjah Al-Marziyah”, Qum: Bustan Kitab Publications.

Suyuti, Jalaluddin, (1985 A.D.) “Hama’ al-Havami’ fi Sharh Jam’ al-Javami’”, Qum: Mashurat Zahidi Publications.

Tabarsi, Abu ‘Ali Fadl Ibn Hassan, (1995 A.D.) “Majma 'al-Bayan”, Beirut: Publications of Muassissah al-A’lami lil-Matbu’at, First Edition.

Tabatabai, Seyyed Mohammad Hussein, (1997 A.D.), “Al-Mizan Fi Tafsir Al-Quran”, Qum: Islamic Publications of Jami’ Madresateyn of the Seminary of Qum.

Tusi, Muhammad ibn Hassan, (n.d.) “Al-Tibyan Fi Tafsir Al-Quran.” Beirut: Dar Al-Ihya Al-Turath Al-Arabi Publications.

Zamakhshari, Jarullah Mahmoud Ibn ‘Umar, (2010 A.D.) “Al-Kashaf an Haqa’iq Al-Tanzil wa ‘Uyun Al-Aqawil Fi Wujuh Al-Tawwil”, Vol. 1, Beirut: Dar Al-Fikr Publications.

Zarkashi, Badruddin Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah, (1971 A.D.) “Al-Burhan Fi ‘Ulum Al-Quran”, research by Muhammad Abu al-Fadl Ibrahim, 2nd edition. Beirut: Al-Maktabah Al-‘Arabiya Publications.

Nur soft ware, Jame’ Tafasir.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.