Criticizing the Division of Polytheists Based on Belief in Resurrection from the Perspective of Patricia Crone

Fatemeh Ramyar, Mohsen Nouraei


Orientalists are looking for new ways to study the Qur'an; among those who emphasize the method of reconstructing the understanding of the verses of the Qur'an is Patricia Crone, who presents her views on a belief subject in a complex article entitled "The Qur’anic Mushrikun and Resurrection" and this view has been reviewed and criticized by the author. Crone's opinion is that the polytheists are not explicitly distinguished by vague words based on their belief in the resurrection in the Qur'an. The research findings show that Crone divides the polytheists in the Qur'an into three categories based on their belief in the resurrection, and she mentions some examples for each category. The result of the research indicates that the classification of the polytheists was done by Crone without considering the context of the verses, which caused that the examples and criteria of each classification could not be compatible with the verses of the Qur'an.


Categorizing Qur’anic Polytheists; Crone; Polytheist Jews; Polytheists’ Belief in Resurrection

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