A Study of the Principles of Criticism from the Perspective of Islam based on the Criticism Ethics

Abdollah Gholami, Nasrin Shokrpour, Javad Nikjah


Man is an autonomous and active being, so he tries to reflect the effects of rationality in his behaviors. The strategies considered to protect the thinking functional health, as viewed by religion. The present study is descriptive-analytical and library-based research which aims to investigate and analyze the role of criticism as a refining strategy in promotion of the achievements of the thinking system through analyzing religious sources. The findings of this study show that the Qur'an has implicitly considered the necessity and qualities of criticism, but the tradition (Hadith) has expressed and emphasized the necessity and qualities of constructive criticism correspondingly. Among the reasons for the necessity of criticism, fight against ignorance, necessity of listening to others, necessity of benevolence and social reforms, execution of the good conduct and inhibition of the evil could be mentioned. As to principles and methods of criticism: in addition to attention to technical and logical standards, it is emphasized to observe ethical ones.


Criticism; Constructive Criticism; Firm Speech; Destructive Criticism

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v9i4.3698


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