Law Enforcement on Carok Actor’s Criminal Act

Heru Suyanto


Carok is a tradition in Madurese people in the form of fight for a certain, extreme reason concerning individual’s self-esteem, followed with group fight with the use of weapons, and carok implementation may cause death. In the context of formal law, carok is the manifestation of the actors’ bravery in violating the rules designated in the Criminal Code, thus they must undergo years of criminal imprisonment as actors of serious criminal act. On this basis, this research explored factors causing carok actor’s criminal act and the constraints the police faced in the law enforcement effort on carok actor’s criminal act. The normative law or literature research approach method employed in this research emphasized on criminal law literatures, prevailing laws and regulations, court decisions, legal theories, scholars’ opinions and interviews. This research took descriptive analysis form based on the approach of carok case that caused death in Decision Number 182/Pid.B/2013/PN.Bkl. From the perspective of criminal law, Carok indicates a crime that may be qualified as criminal acts of physical abuse and murder since it contains a certain period or tempo from the start to the implementation of problem, in which the actors have calmly considered any possibilities and consequences of their actions. In general, the reasons of carok actor’s criminal acts are individual or group’s self-esteem abuse, vengeance, inheritance distribution conflict, etc. The author expected that appropriate law enforcement will minimize Carok occurrences, such as through making of special regulation for carok actors and imposition of serious criminal sanction (imprisonment) on carok actors and improved education, especially primary education.


Criminal Act; Actor; Carok

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A. Books

A, Latief Wiyata, CAROK Konflik Kekerasan dan Harga Diri Orang Madura, [CAROK Conflict, Violence and Self-esteem of Madurese People], First Printing, LKIS, 2002, p. 201

A, Latief Wiyata, Mencari Madura [Searching for Madura], First Printing, Bidik Phronesis Publishing, Jakarta, 2013, p.97.

Huub De Jonge, Garam Kekerasan dan Aduan Sapi [Salt, Violence and Bull Fighting], First Printing, LKIS, Yogyakarta, 2011, p.199-200.

P.A.F. Lamintang and Theo Lamintang, Delik-Delik Kejahatan terhadap Nyawa, Tubuh &Kesehatan [Criminal Acts on Life, Body &Health], 2nd Printing, Sinar Grafika, 2012, p.1

Salim HS and Erlies Septiana Nurbani, Penerapan Teori Hukum Pada Penelitian Tesis Dan Disertasi [The Application of Legal Theories to Thesis and Dissertation Researches], First Printing, Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta, 2014, p. 25.

Samsul Ma’arif, The History of Madura, First Printing, Araska, Yogyakarta, 2015, p.45-46.

Soerjono Soekanto, Faktor – Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penegakan Hukum [Factors to Affect Law Enforcement], 11th Printing, Rajawali Press, Jakarta, 2012, p.7.

Umar, Sholehudin. Hukum & Keadilan Masyarakat [Law & People’s Justice], Setara Press, 2011, p. 41-44

Zainuddin Ali, Metode Penelitian Hukum [Legal Research Method], Jakarta, Sinar Grafika, 4th Printing 2013, p.25

B. Journal

Carok vs Hukum Pidana Indonesia (Proses Transformasi Budaya Madura kedalam Sistem Hukum Indonesia) [Carok vs Indonesian Criminal Law (Process of Madurese Cultural Transformation into Indonesian Legal System)],, Retrieved on 2 December 2016 at 00.43 a.m. Western Indonesian Time

C. Internet

Carok,, retrieved on Friday, 18 November 2016, at 6.32 p.m. Western Indonesian Time

Carok Asal-Usul [Origin of Carok],, retrieved on Tuesday, 22 November 2016, at 3.12 p.m. Western Indonesian Time

‘’Ketentuan-Ketentuan Pokok Kesejahteraan Sosial’’ [Main Terms of Social Welfare]’’,, retrieved on Friday, 20 January 2017, at 3.12 p.m. Western Indonesian Time.

’Penegakan Hukum Dan Kepercayaan Masyarakat Terhadap Institusi Kepolisian,’’ [Law Enforcement and People’s Trust in the Police Institution],” http://www.tribratanewspoldasulawesiutara .com>, retrieved on Friday, 23 December 2016, at 12.14 p.m. Western Indonesian Time.

‘’Tugas dan Wewenang Polri’ [The Indonesian National Police’s Duties and Authorities],, retrieved on Friday, 23 December 2016, at 12.05 p.m. Western Indonesian Time.

D. Interviews

Interview with Marzuki, Head of Manunggal Village, Bangkalan, Madura, 21 December 2016.

Interview with AKBP Supriyadi, Kabag Ops Polres Pamekasan-Madura, on 7 December 2016.

Interview with Marzuki, Head of Manunggal Village, Bangkalan, Madura, 21 December 2016.



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