Traditional Clothes and Jewelry of Surkhandarya Oasis

Gayrat Abdulkhakimovich Mamarajabov


In the oasis of Surkhandarya, local craftsmen sew traditional shoes, make such shoes as takaki, charik, hakkari, mokkas, tashtovan. In the Surkhan oasis, women wore jewelry such as beads, earrings, rings and bracelets, which were worn and sewn on the forehead, hair, ears, neck, arms, legs and chest. In the Surkhandarya oasis, which combines ancient and national costumes of Uzbeks, women's clothes are rich in historical and factual materials. Women's clothing is divided into winter, spring, summer, autumn clothes depending on the seasons; casual, holiday and ceremonial clothing according to the condition in which it is worn; divided into underwear, top, head, shoes, depending on which part of the body is worn.


Beads; Earrings; Rings; Bracelets; Turbans; Doppi and Telpak; House Earrings; Oyboldak; Pile Earrings; Muhammadi Earrings

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Field records. 2019. Baghara, Jiydali villages of Kumkurgan district.

Field records. 2019. Bibi Zaynab, Bolak, Ipak villages of Altynsay district.

Field records. 2020 - 2021. Kumkurgan, Shurchi, Altynsay, Denau, Sariosiyo, Uzun districts.

Field records. 2020. Dalvarzin, Sovjiron villages of Shurchi district.

Field records. 2020. Jaloyir and Akjar villages of Kumkurgan district; 2020. Bakhshtepa and Oktumshuk villages of Shurchi district.

Field records. 2020. Shaldiroq, Obodon, Tola villages of Shurchi district.

Field records. 2020. Sohibkor and Obodon villages of Shurchi district.

Field records. 2021. Khojasoat, Toktamish villages of Altynsay district.

Field records. 2021. Kochakli, Astana, Qum villages of Denau district17. Jdanko T.A. Karakalpaki Khorezmskogo oasis // TXAEE. M., 1952. T. 1. p. 556.

Field records. 2021. Monka, Chayontepa villages of Kumkurgan district.

Field records. 2021. Sariosiyo district center, Khufar village, Uzun district center, Khanjiza village.

Field records. 2021. Uzun district, Jonchekka, Khonjizza, Karsak villages; The Tajiks of the Huff Valley called this type of wooden shovels "kafx." Andreev M.S. Tadjiki doliny Xuf. Dushanbe, 1953. Vyp. I. p. 246-248.

Field records. 2021. Yalti and Jaloyir villages of Shurchi district.

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Jinjak is a type of yantak.

Kuloh doppi - an elongated hat with a conical top.

Said Otaliq madrasah was built in the 16th century on the territory of Denau district of the oasis. In the early twentieth century, before the October coup, about 400 students were educated in madrassas. Tursunov S.N. Study of the history of Surkhandarya region. Tashkent, 1997.B. 43-44; Team of authors. Surxondaryo.Tashkent, 1996. B. 172-173; Arshavskaya Z.A., Rtveladze E.V., Xakimov Z.A. Srednevekovye pamyatniki Surkhandari. Tashkent, 1982. p. 67-68.

Sarka - cut (cast) goat.

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The Kashkadarya Arabs also had such a shirt for breastfeeding. Ismailov X. Traditsionnaya odejda arabov Kashkadarinskoy oblasti Uzbekskoy SSR // Kostyum narodov Sredney Azii. –M., 1979. p. 234.

The Kyrgyz also had shoe-like shoes called "chakay". Antipina K.I. Features of material culture and applied art of southern Kyrgyzstan. Frunze: Akademiya nauk KirgSSR, 1962. p. 230.



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