The Importance of a Problem-Based Learning Model in History Education for Improving Historical Thinking

Ofianto Ofianto, Tri Zahra Ningsih


This study aims to describe the effect of using the Problem Based Learning (PBL) learning model on students' historical thinking skills. The research method used was a quasi-experimental design with a one-group pretest-posttest design. The research subjects were class X students with a total population of 407 students, while the sample was class X IPA 2, totaling 40 students for the control class and X IPA 7, totaling 39 students for the experimental class. The sampling technique in this study was using the proportionate stratified random sampling technique. The data analysis technique used the t-test independent sample t-test to see the effect of the model. The results showed that there was a significant effect of the use of the PBL model on the historical thinking skills of students of SMA Negeri 1 Sungai Penuh which was confirmed with a significance value (Sig.) Less than 0.05. The average score of historical thinking skills in the experimental class is higher than the control class. As a result, it is possible to conclude that the Problem-Based Learning (PBL) learning model has a significant impact on the improvement of historical thinking skills of students at SMA Negeri 1 Sungai Penuh.


Problem Based Learning (PBL); Historical Learning; Historical Thinking Skills

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