Implementation of Audio-Visual Media Counseling on the Knowledge and Attitudes of Environmentally Lifestyles

Ronny Ronny, Zulfian Armah


Environmental knowledge and attitudes are human behavior or actions that are conscious of the environment based on responsibility. Environmental knowledge and attitudes are the opposite of the frontier mentality. The research focuses on looking at the extent to which the level of education can increase or influence the knowledge and attitudes of society in general. The research population is the people who live in the coastal environment of the city of Makassar. A total of 60 samples were divided into 2 (two) categories, each of which was 30 samples, namely the high-educated sample category and the low-educated sample. Purposive sampling is used as a non-random sampling technique. The instrument used in collecting data in this study is a questionnaire to determine the characteristics of respondents and the level of knowledge and attitudes of people's lifestyles. The data analysis technique used in this research is paired t-test with the IBM SPSS program. The results found that the community's initial ability to knowledge and environmental attitudes from research instruments that were carried out initial tests before counseling still tended to be low because people still had not known and studied. This means that environmental education for higher education is indirectly less effective in increasing knowledge of environmental, but audio-visual media is very effective for low education.


Environmental Education; Environmental Health; Learning Media; Attitude; Knowledge

Full Text:



Akenji, L. (2014). Consumer scapegoatism and limits to green consumerism. Journal of Cleaner Production, 63, 13–23.

Ali, M. I. (2019). The Consequences of Illegal Mining in the Environment: Perspective of Behavior, Knowledge, and Attitude. International Journal of Environment, Engineering & Education, 1(1), 25–33.

Anderson, V. L., & McLean, R. A. (2018). Design of experiments: a realistic approach. Routledge.

Beerling, D. (2017). The emerald planet: how plants changed Earth’s history. Oxford University Press.

Bruner, J. S., & Haste, H. (2010). Making Sense (Routledge Revivals): The Child’s Construction of the World. Routledge.

Cairncross, S., & Feachem, R. (2018). Environmental health engineering in the tropics: Water, sanitation and disease control. Routledge.

Chopra, K., & Gulati, S. C. (1997). Environmental degradation and population movements: the role of property rights. Environmental and Resource Economics, 9(4), 383–408.

Chopra, K., & Gulati, S. C. (1998). Environmental degradation, property rights and population movements: hypotheses and evidence from Rajasthan (India). Environment and Development Economics, 3(1), 35–57.

Chopra, R. (2016). Environmental degradation in India: causes and consequences. International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences, 11(6), 1593–1601.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.

Darhamsyah, D. (2019). Environmental Governance Urban: Public Participation and Sustainable Development. International Journal of Environment, Engineering and Education, 1(1), 17–24.

Drath, W. H., & Palus, C. J. (1994). Making common sense: Leadership as meaning-making in a community of practice. Center for Creative Leadership.

Frumkin, H. (2001). Beyond toxicity: human health and the natural environment. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 20(3), 234–240.

Fuady, R., & Mutalib, A. A. (2018). Audio-Visual Media in Learning. Journal of K6 Education and Management, 1(2), 1–6.

Goleman, D. (2001). Emotional intelligence: Issues in paradigm building. The Emotionally Intelligent Workplace, 13, 26.

Gottlieb, R. S. (2003). This sacred earth: Religion, nature, environment. Routledge.

Johnson, R. B., & Christensen, L. (2019). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches. SAGE Publications, Incorporated.

Krippendorff, K. (2018). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Sage publications.

Miller, G. T., & Spoolman, S. (2015). Environmental science. Cengage Learning.

Moeller, D. W. (2011). Environmental health. Harvard University Press.

Neisser, U. (1979). The concept of intelligence. Intelligence, 3(3), 217–227.

Plomp, T. (2013). Educational design research: An introduction. Educational Design Research, 11–50.

Ronny, Arif, M. I., & Notobroto, H. B. (2019). Water Pollution Index: Measurement of Shallow Well Water Quality in Urban Areas. International Journal of Environment, Engineering & Education, 1(3), 75–81.

Ronny, Irfai, Mahyudin, D., & Jasman. (2019). Banana Stem Charcoal as Adsorbents Reduce Water Hardness Levels. International Journal of Environment, Engineering and Education, 1(1), 1–6.

Ronny, R., & Mulyadi, M. (2020). The Impact of Soil Desalination on Reduction of Iron Concentration in Groundwater. International Journal of Environment, Engineering & Education, 2(3), 43–48.

Santayana, G. (2011). The life of reason: Introduction and reason in common sense (Vol. 1). mit Press.

Suarlin, S., & Ali, M. I. (2020). The Effect of Environmental Education Learning on Students at University. International Journal of Environment, Engineering & Education, 2(3), 49–56.

Thompson, R. C., Moore, C. J., Vom Saal, F. S., & Swan, S. H. (2009). Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364(1526), 2153–2166.

Walliman, N. (2017). Research methods: The basics. Routledge.

Willmot, P., Bramhall, M., & Radley, K. (2011). Introducing audio-visual media for inspirational learning and positive engagement. SEFI International Conference on Engineering Education, 420–426.

Xiang, C. H. (2017). Cases on audio-visual media in language education. IGI Global.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.