How should we teach diverse students? Cross-cultural comparison of diversity issues in K-12 schools in Japan and the US

Fuyu Shimomura

Abstract


Increasing student diversity in K-12 schools has gained attention in Japan and the US. In the US, racial diversity has historically shaped inequity in educational access and teacher quality. In Japan, regardless of its reputation for cultural homogeneity among its residents, issues surrounding student diversity have gained attention because of the increasing number of returnees—Japanese students raised overseas because of their parents’ expatriation.  This paper compares and contrasts the diversity issues in K-12 school settings in both countries, and explores potential approaches to improve the accommodation of diversity in K-12 schools.      


Keywords


K-12, diversity, multicultural education, Japanese returnees, structural racism, and intercultural communication

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v3i1.30

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