Measuring the Use of Politeness in Language on the Demonstration Poster International Women’s Day 2020 (Pragmatic Studies)

Aziz Fauzi, Andayani Andayani, Muhammad Rohmadi


This study aims to measure the use of politeness in communication when the International Women's Day 2020 demonstration is held. The researchers used a descriptive qualitative method with a content/document analysis strategy. This strategy is used to facilitate researchers in knowing the character and types of research data to be analysed. Data collection techniques used document techniques. This technique is used by researchers to take documents in the form of pictures (posters). The results showed that the use of the maxims of politeness as many as 35 data, and the violations of the maxims of politeness as many as 10 data. These results can be seen from the speech on the posters used by the demonstrators. The majority of speech act used in the IWD 2020 demonstration posters are included in the use of the maxims of politeness.


Pragmatics; Maxim of Politeness; Violation of the Maxim of Politeness; Demonstration Poster; International Women's Day 2020

Full Text:



Al-Hindawi, Fareed H.; Alkhazaali, M. A. R. (2016). A Critique of Politeness Theory. A Critique of Politeness Theory, 6(8), 1537–1545.

Alfia, A., Rohmadi, M., & Purwadi, P. (2014). Pelanggaran Prinsip Kesantunan Dan Implikatur Percakapan Dalam Acara Pas Mantab Di Trans 7. Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa, Sastra Indonesia, Dan Pengajarannya, 2(3), 54357.

Baider, F. H., Cislaru, G., & Claudel, C. (2020). Researching Politeness: From the ‘Classical’ Approach to Discourse Analysis … and Back. Corpus Pragmatics, 4(3), 259–272.

Carolus, A., Muench, R., Schmidt, C., & Schneider, F. (2019). Impertinent mobiles - Effects of politeness and impoliteness in human-smartphone interaction. Computers in Human Behavior, 93, 290–300.

Cropley, A. (2019). Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods. Zinātne.

Domaneschi, F., Passarelli, M., & Chiorri, C. (2017). Facial expressions and speech acts: experimental evidences on the role of the upper face as an illocutionary force indicating device in language comprehension. Cognitive Processing, 18(3), 285–306.

Efendi, A., Sukamto, K. E., & Student, P. D. (2020). Mbasaaké in Family Circle: Linguistic Socialization of Politeness in Javanese. Linguistik Indonesia, 38(2), 165–178.

Fierce on Social Media Microsoft thinks that Indonesian netizens are rude in Southeast. (2021). Voi.Id.

Fitriana, I. (2019). Analisis Teknik dan Kualitas Terjemahan Tindak Tutur Memprotes dalam Novel Stealing Home (Hati yang Terenggut) Karya Sherryl Woods (Sebuah Kajian Terjemahan dengan Pendekatan Pragmatik). JLT - Jurnal Linguistik Terapan Politeknik Negeri Malang, 53(9), 1689–1699.

Frankel, J.P., & Wallen, E. (2012). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Grundy, P. (1995). Doing Pragmatics. Arnold.

Horn, L. R & Gregory, W. (2006). The Handbook of Pragmatic. Blackwell Publishing.

Kadar, D. (2017). Politeness, Impoliteness, and Ritual Maintaining the Moral Order in Interpersonal Interaction. Cambridge University Press.

Kaul, A. (2012). Man and Woman Talk in Indian Organizations: Grammatical and Syntactical Similarities. Journal of Business Communication, 49(3), 254–276.

Kurniasih, N., Rahmansyah, S., & Kurnia N, I. (2019). Politeness Strategy To Prevent and Resolve Cyber-Conflicts Among Indonesian Internet Users: a Cyberpragmatics Approach. Humanus, 18(1), 68.

Leech, G. (2015). Prinsip-Prinsip Pragmatik. Penerbit Universitas Indonesia.

Maros, M. & Rosli, L. (2017). Politeness Strategies In Twitter Updates Of Female English Language Studies Malaysian Undergraduates. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 23(1), 132–149.

Milles, M. B., Huberman, A.M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis Third Edition. SAGE Publications.

Mustika, T. P., Agustina, A., & Ramadhan, S. (2019). Verbal Violence Performed By Supporters’ Group of Gubernatorial Candidates in the Political Discourse of Jakarta Election. Humanus, 18(1), 88.

O’Keeffe, A., Clancy, B., & Adolphs, S. (2011). Introducing Pragmatics in Use. Routledge.

Pamungkas, S. A., Suwandi, S., Pendidikan, P., & Indonesia, B. (2020). Kajian Nilai-nilai Sosial dalam Cerita Pendek Surat Kabar Kompas Tahun 2017. 59–70.

Pourmousavi, Z. & Zohre, M. Z. (2020). A Comparative Study Of The Effect Of Teacher’s Group And Individual Feedback On Iranian EFL Learners’ Learning Of Speech Acts In Apology Letter Writing. Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education, 5(1).

Rahayu, Y. E., Ahyudanari, E., & Pratomoadmojo, N. A. (2016). Land Use Development and its Impact on Airport Access Road. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 227(November 2015), 31–37.

Riyanto, Sugeng; Andayani; Rohmadi, M. S. (2020). Eliminasi Pelanggaran Prinsip Kesatuan Peserta Didik Sekolah Dasar di Indonesia dengan Pendekatan Eksistensial Humanistik. ISOLEC: International Seminar on Language, Education, and Culture, 96–100.

Searle, J. R. (1976). Speech Act An Essay In The Philosophy Of Language. Cambridge University Press.

Shallaita, B. A., Nawawi, N., & Amin, M. (2021). Analysis of English Language Teaching Materials on Gender Representation. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 8(2), 419.

Theunissen, P. (2019). Extending public relationship-building through the theory of politeness. Public Relations Review, 45(3), 101784.

Yaqin, L. N., & Shanmuganathan, T. (2018). The non-observance of Grice’s maxims in Sasak. 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature, 24(2), 166–180.

Yin, R. K. (2011). Qualitative Research from Start to Finish. The Guilford Press.

Yule, G. (2014). Pragmatik. Pustaka Pelajar.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.