Conflict and Violence among Religious People: A Case Study of Conflict and Violence Against the Ahmadiyah Congregation in Makassar City

Nurfitriani Nurfitriani, Suparman Abdullah, Buchari Mengge


This study aims to analyze the process of conflict and violence experienced by Ahmadiyah in Makassar City and to analyze the resistance and conflict resolution models of Ahmadiyah in Makassar City in dealing with conflict and violence. This research uses qualitative methods by collecting through observation and in-depth interviews. Secondary data comes from books and research journals published online and in print. Data analysis by transcribing data, reading the entire data, analyzing in detail and describing it holistically-integratively. The results showed first, identity violence is influenced by the existence of a dominant identity factor that commits violence because of differences in beliefs. Second, direct violence against minority groups causes psychological trauma. Conflict resolution is in the form of no resistance because Ahmadiyah has the principle of "love for all hatred for none" which morally spreads teachings of peace and love for others even though they have different beliefs. From the conflict that occurred, Ahamadiyah offered a resolution in the form of asking the government to "come back to provide a sense of security for all its citizens and strengthen diversity through the restoration of social dialogue between residents" and, to remind the government that JAI is an official Islamic religious organization with the legal entity of a Ministerial Decree Justice. Second, to remind all JAI members as peace-loving Muslims with the motto of love for all, hatred for no one.


Identity Violence; Direct Violence; Resistance and Conflict Resolution

Full Text:



Arthur, L. B. (2000). Undressing Religion: Commitment and Conversion From a Cross-Cultural Perspective. Berg.

BBC. (2011). Tiga tewas dalam bentrok Ahmadiyah di Pandeglang. Available from: Accessed on 29 April 2020.

Erdianto. K. (2007). Setara Institute: Ada 114 Perusakan Masjid Ahmadiyah sejak 2007. Setara Institute. Available from: Accessed on 29 April 2020.

Eriyanti, L. D. (2018). Pemikiran Johan Galtung tentang Kekerasan dalam Perspektif Feminisme. Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, 6(1), 27-37.

Gans, H. J. (1994). Symbolic ethnicity and symbolic religiosity: Towards a comparison of ethnic and religious acculturation. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 17(4), 577-592.

Komnasham. (2016). Laporan Tahunan Kebebasan Beragama dan Berkeyakinan 2016. Available from:$IUKH.pdf. Accessed on 29 April 2020.

Mancini, S. (2008). The power of symbols and symbols as power: Secularism and religion as guarantors of cultural convergence. Cardozo L. Rev., 30, 2629.

Miall, H., Ramsbotham, O., & Woodhouse, T. (2000). Contemporary Conflict Resolution: The Prevention, Management and Transformation of Deadly Conflicts. Cambridge, Polity.

Nirenberg, D. (2015). Communities of violence: Persecution of minorities in the middle ages-updated edition. Princeton University Press.

Nuruddin, S. (2016). Jemaat Ahmadiyah dan Respon Masyarakat di Kabupaten Buton. Al-Qalam, 20(2), 189-196.

Susan, N. (2010). Pengantar sosiologi konflik dan isu-isu konflik kontemporer. Jakarta: Kencana.

Tempo. (2011). FPI Desak Ahmadiyah Dibubarkan. Available from: Accessed on 30 April 2020.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.