The Intellectual Tradition of Libertarian Islam and Its Relation to the Thought of the Islamic State in Iran

Sajjad Chitforoush, Ali Kakadezfuli


Liberal thought in Iran was based on contemporary political and social conditions that influenced Iranian thought. Also, this idea has benefited from some of the features of Iranian and Islamic political culture; therefore, it has been shown in a new form, called the tradition of freedom of Islam.  One of the most important manifestations of this tradition can be seen in the formation of political thought after the victory of the Islamic Revolution. The main question of this research, after explaining the idea of libertarian Islam in the form of an intellectual tradition, is how this idea has been effective in shaping the constitution and the nature of the political system in contemporary Iran. The results of this study show that the main issue of liberal thought in Iran was freedom of the public and restrictions on the duties of the government. In this regard, the original "non" has been absolutism. Thus, at the same time as the formation of the constitution after the victory of the Islamic Revolution, in spite of the inability to achieve complete power and the hegemony in the field of thought, it tried to prevent the widespread extension of the functions of the political system by ormulating restrictive laws of political power.


The Intellectual Tradition of Libertarian Islam; Bazargan; Ayatollah Taleghani; Islamic Government; Shahid Beheshti

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