Freedom and Education of Women in the Works and Ideas of Qasim Amin Mesri and Parvin Etesami

Fateme Moradi, Nasrin Shokrpour


Parvin Etesami is one of the prominent and celebrated contemporary Iranian poetesses who enjoy a prominent place, particularly by dealing with certain issues such as women’s education throughout her poetry. Under the influence of her father, Yusuf Etesam al-Mulk, she successfully advanced her development and flourished in this field. Yusuf Etesam al-Mulk translated some books from Arabic into Persian, namely Qasim Amin Mesri's book entitled Tahrir al-Mar'a on women’s freedom and education, to be partly published in Iran under the title of Tarbiyate Niswan (Women’s Education). This study is an attempt to explore Qasim Amin Mesri's ideas on the freedom and education of women and the effect on Parvin Etesami's poems and views; therefore, by studying their lives and works, and comparing their views, the authors aimed to determine whether she was under his influence in her poetry or not, and if yes, determine to what extent she has been influence. Moreover, their approaches towards the necessity of educating women and Parvin’s particular attitude towards the capabilities of Iranian women without imitating Western women are investigated in this study.


Parvin Etesami; Qasim Amin Mesri; Education; Women

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