Defense Readiness from Nahj al-Balāgha's Perspective with Emphasis on the Characteristic Components of Human Capital

Alinaghi Lezgi, Mohammad Safehiyan, Rasoul Muhammad Ja’fari, Hussein Walivand


The conscious presence of the armed forces in various fields, especially in the field of defense, is an essential requirement to realize the security and developmental needs of society. On the other hand, it is very important to establish the organization of the Armed Forces based on the major principles and constitute the command and commandment based on the Alawite teachings, through a wise manner, for the administration of affairs. Imam Ali (AS), who is considered to be the greatest commentator and interpreter of the Holy Qur’an and religious intentions after the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), has stated valuable statements in Nahj al-Balāgha in explaining the defense Readiness with an emphasis on the characteristic components of human capital, based on original teachings of Qur’an and Sunnah, whose identification has been the subject of action by the authors of this article. Therefore, in this paper, we identify and analyze the characteristic components by a qualitative content analysis to identify the true position of defense readiness in Nahj al-Balāgha. In the self-sustaining human capital characteristic components, 20% had the highest frequency compared to other components, and the "attraction and repulsion" component with 10.6%, is the second feature, and the "specialty and meritocracy", with 8.6% is the third feature of Military commanders and managers in the defense field regarding the abundancy.


Imam Ali (AS); Defense Readiness; Nahj al-Balāgha; Characteristic Components; Human Capital

Full Text:



The Holy Qur’an

Nahj al-Balāgha

Abdi, Fereydoon. (1390 HS). An Overview on Imam Ali's Command, Management, Leadership and Military Thoughts, Al-Nahj Quarterly, No. 31.

Aghajani, Arash. (1385 HS). Explaining the Characteristics of Managers from the perspective of Imam Ali (AS) in Nahj al-Balāgha, Imam Ṣādiq University Research Center Journal, No. 24.

Amid, Hassan. (1362 HS). Persian Dictionary, Tehran: Amir Kabir.

Atarodi, Azizullah. (1378 HS). Translation of Faith and Disbelief of Bihār al-Anwār, Tehran, Atarod Publishing.

Bahrānī Isfahani, Abdullah ibn Nurullah. (1413 AH). The worlds of sciences, knowledge and conditions from verses, news and Saying (reverting the lady of women to the Imam Al-Jawād), Qom, al-Imam al-Mahdi Institute Press Release.

Dehkhodā, Ali Akbar. (1337 HS). Dehkhoda Dictionary, Tehran, First Edition, Tehran University Institute of Publications and Printing.

Delshad Tehrani, Mostafa. (1379 HS). The Government of Wisdom (Government in Nahj al-Balāghah), Tehran, Darya Publishing.

Fazel, Amir. (1396 HS). Identifying Effective Dimensions and Components of Empowering Academic Human Resources with Emphasis on Third and Fourth Generation Universities Using the Fuzzy Delphi Approach, Two Educational Research Quarterlies of Training Strategies. Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences.

Fiqhizadeh, Abdolhadi and Lezgi, Alinaghi. (1393 HS). The Components of Military Management in Nahj al-Balāgha, Islamic Educational Promotion Quarterly, No. 27.

Ghuchani, Mahmoud. (1374 HS). Government Decree on Management, Tehran, Government Management Training Center.

Kamali, Roozbeh and Kheirandish, Mehdi. (1396 HS). Preparation Pattern of Defense Development of the Armed Forces Staff, Strategic Management Studies of National Defense, No. 1, p. 5-33.

Lezgi, Alinaghi. (1398 HS). Compilation of Defense Thought System of Supreme Commander-in-Chief by Focusing on Spirituality, Faith and Islamic Values in the Armed Forces, Imam Ali University of Medical Sciences.

Lezgi, Alinaghi. (1392 HS). M.S. Thesis on "Identification and Analysis of Military Management Components in Nahj al-Balāghah", Shahed University of Tehran.

Rashid Zadeh, Fathullah. (1390 HS). The Character and Behavior of Commander, Volume 1, Tehran, First Edition, Imam Ali Officers University Press.

Sadri Afshar, Gholam Hossein. (1381 HS). Contemporary Persian Dictionary, Tehran, Fourth Edition, Contemporary Dictionary Publications.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.