Use of the Principle of Language Courage in Middle School Students

Muslimatin Utami, Sarwiji Suwandi, Raheni Suhita


The effectiveness of teachers in speaking using polite language in learning Indonesian to junior high school students by referring to the theory of politeness principles according to Leech (1983), Lakoff (1972), Brown and Lavinson (1978), Fraser (1978). This study uses descriptive qualitative methods to obtain naturalistic data, data collection using competent and free listening techniques and record techniques. The data analysis technique uses the interactive model of Miles and Huberman (2014) which has three components of analysis: data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions or verification. The results of the study found 4 forms of politeness, namely: 1) maxim of wisdom, 2) maxim of generosity, 3) maxim of agreement, 4) maxim of modesty, while forms of violation of politeness principle are 2, namely: 1) maxim of generosity.


Politeness in Language; Violation of Politeness; Students; Junior High School

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