Relationship between Transformational Leadership, Compensation, and Organizational Climate with Teachers' Performance

Mohamad Hisyam, Nyoman Sridana, Untung Waluyo


Efforts to improve school quality are carried out by increasing discipline, motivation, job satisfaction, teacher performance, and school performance by taking into account the Organizational Climate factor. The objectives of this study (1) Describe the relationship between Transformational Leadership (X1) and Teacher Performance (Y), (2) Describe the Relationship between Compensation (X2) and Teacher Performance (Y), (3) Describe the Relationship between Organizational Climate (X1) with Teacher Performance (Y),and (4) Describe the Relationship between Transformational Leadership, Compensation, and Organizational Climate with Teacher Performance. This type of research is a field research with a sample of 80 people spread across 8 schools in the city of Mataram. The data retrieval instrument in this study uses a questionnaire as the main tool in data retrieval. Analysis of the data used is the Pearson Product Moment Correlation. The results of data analysis using the SPSS program showed a significant correlation between transformational leadership variables and teacher performance significance variables Sig.(2-tailed) 0,000 <0,05. Significance value Sig. (2-tailed) between compensation variables with variable teacher performance is equal to 0.025 <0.05, meaning that there is a significant correlation between compensation variables with teacher performance variables. Significance value Sig. (2-tailed) between organizational climate variables with variable teacher performance of 0,000 <0,05, meaning that there is a significant correlation between organizational climate variables with teacher performance variables. Simultaneously there is a significant relationship between variables of transformational leadership, compensation, organizational climate and teacher performance.


Transformational Leadership; Compensation; Organizational Climate; Teacher Performance

Full Text:



Antonius, P. 1995. Payroll Services: Description of Salary and Implementation Scale Design. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Anwar, M.I and Hidayat A, Y. 2008. Educational Administration, Theory, Concepts and Issues. Bandung: UPI Bandung.

Arikunto, S. 2006. Research Procedures A Practice Approach. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Asnawi, S. 2005. Application of Psychology in Human Resource Management. Jakarta, Ghalia Indonesia.

Awaludin, E. 2005. Analysis of the Effect of Leadership and Work Motivation on Organizational Climate PT. Bank Negara Indonesia (PT. Bank BNI) Sudirman Branch Office. Thesis Master of Management at Airlangga University: not published.

Azwar. S. 2003. Human Attitudes: Theory and Measurement. Yogyakarta: Faculty of Economics, University of Gajah Mada.

Bustam, A. M. 2006. Effects of Leadership Compensation and Managerial Ability on Organizational Climate PT. Indosat Tbk. Thesis. Master of Management. Denpasar: Udayana University.

Bass, B.M and Avolio, B. J. 2000. The Implications of Transactional and Transformational Leadership for Individual, Team, and Organizational Development. Michigan. Research in Michigan Organizational Change and Development of University. Vol. 4.

Boedianto. 2005. Planning and Organizing Workforce Training. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.

Carver, F. D and Sergiovanni, T. J. 2006. Organizations and Human Behavior: Focus on Schools. 8th edition. Columbia: McGrawHill.

Davis, K and Newstrom, J. W. 1995. Human Behavior at Work: Organizational Behavior; Interpreting by: Agus Dharma, SH., M. Ed. Erlangga: Jakarta.

Djaali, M. P and Ramly. 2000. Measurements in the Field of Education. Jakarta: Jakarta State University.

Danim, S. 2002. Educational Innovation in an Effort to Increase the Professionalism of Educational Personnel. Jakarta: Loyal Library.

Danim, S. 2002. Become a Learning Community: Transformational Leadership in Learning Community Organizations, Jakarta: Earth Literacy.

Fred Luthans. 2007. Corporate Culture: Challenge To Excellence. Jakarta. Elex Media Komputindo.

Edwin, B. F. 2006. Personnel Management ... New York Mc Graw Hill. Beginning in 2006.Becoming a Professional Teacher. Bandung: PT. Youth Rosda Karya.

French and Raven. 2008. Leadership: The Key Concepts. Boston: Mc Graw Hill.

Ghozali, I. 2007. Application of Multivariate Analysis with the SPSS Program. Semarang: Diponegoro University.

Hadi, S. 2016. "The Effect of Organizational Climate and Teaching Motivation on Professional Performance of Teachers of High School, Vocational School, MA Muhammadiyah in Kudus Regency". Journal. Quality. 4, (1).

Handoko, H. T. 1999. Personnel Management and Human Resources. BPFE: Yogyakarta. 13th print.

Handoko, H. T 2008. Management, Personnel and Human Resources. Yogyakarta: Faculty of Economics, University of Gajah Mada. edition 2.

Hepner, H. W. 2001. Perceptive Management and Supervision: Insights For Working With People. Michigan: Prentice-Hall.

Ivancevich, J. M. I. 2004. Human Resources Management. New York. Mc Graw Hill.

Ivancevich, J. M. I. 1992. Human Resource Management. Richard D Irwin, Inc., 1992.

James L. G et al. 2002. Organizations: Behavior, Structure, Processes. New York. Mc Graw Hill.

James, G. M. 2004. Leadership. New York: Harper & Row.

Kamaruddin. 2001. Analysis of the Modern Management Organization. Jakarta: Rajawali.

Kasim, A. 1993. Measurement of Effectiveness in Organizations. Jakarta: Institute of Publishers of the Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia.

Kasim, A. 2006. Decision Making Theory. Jakarta: Institute of Publishers of the Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia.

Kenneth, N.W and Gary, A. 2003. Organizational Behavior and Personnel Psychology. Jakarta. PT Rineka Cipta.

Koster, W. 2008. KTSP Management: Theory, Models, and Applications. Jakarta. Grasindo.

Kouze and Posner. 2004. The Leadership Challenge. New Jersey: Prentice Hall International Edition.

King, B. T. et al. 2007. Managerial Control and Organizational Democracy. Houston: V. H. Winston.

Litwin, G. H. and Stringer, R. A. 2004. Fundamentals of Organizational Behavior An Applied Perspective. Columbia: Pergamon Press.

Lumbatoruan, Magdalena. 2002. Encyclopedia of Economics, Business and Management. Bandung: STBA YAPARI ABA.

Malo, M. 2002. Community Research Methods. Jakarta: PAU FISIP UI.

Mathis, J. 2000. Human Resource Management. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Milkovich, G. T and Newman, J. M. 1999. Compensation. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Mitrani, A. 2005. Human Resource Management Based on Competence. Jakarta: Main Library.

Moedjiarto. 2001. Development of School Service Programs, Malang: Malang State University.

Moedjiarto. 2004. Teacher Effectiveness Improvement Program. Poor. Malang State University.

Mulyasa. 2005. School Based Management. Bandung: Youth Rosdakarya.

Muwarni, S. 2008. Applied Statistics. Jakarta: UHAMKA.

Nawawi, H. H. 2000. Strategic Management of Non-Profit Organizations in Government. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Owens, R. G. 2001. Organizational Behavior in Schools 5th. Edition. Michigan. Prentice-Hall.

Putrawan, M. 2000. Testing Hypotheses in Social Research. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Ranupanjodo, H and Husnan, S. 2002. Personnel Management. Yogyakarta: BPFE.

Robbins, S. P. 2008.Organizational Behavior. New Jersey Prentice Hall.

Robbins, S. P. 2008. 12th Edition Organizational Behavior. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Sanyoto, M. Ashar. 2006. Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Jakarta: UI Press.

Sayle, L and Strauss, G. 2005, Working Leader. New York: The Free Press.

Seckler and Catherine. 2002, Empower Your Human Resources. New York: McGrawHill International Edition.

Simamora, H. 1995. Human Resource Management: Publishing Section STIE YKPN: 1st Edition, first printing: Yogyakarta.

Singarimbun, M and Efendi, S. 2004, Survey Research Methods. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Steers, R, M. and Porter, L, W. 2003. Motivation and Work Behavior. New Jersey: McGraw-Hill.

Sudarmanto, R. G. 2007. Multiple Linear Regression Analysis with SPSS. Jakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Sugiyono. 2007. Statistics for Research. Bandung: Alpahbet.

Supranto. J. 2007. Business Research Methods. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Taguiri, R and Litwin, G. H. 2007. Managing Human Resources. 4th. Edition. California: PrenticeHall.

Pitri, A. 2017. "Effects of Compensation on teacher performance in 3 Batusangkar Public Middle Schools". Journal of Management, Leadership, and Educational Supervision, 2, (1).

Wahyosumijo. 2006. Leadership Tips in Theory and Practice. Bandung: Youth Rosda Karya.

Hero. 2008. Organizational Culture and Climate. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Yukl, G. 2004. Leadership in Organizations. Jakarta: Erlangga.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.