Evaluation of Physical Fitness for Students with Mentally impaired Aged 10-12 years in Poso Regency, Sulawesi Tengah Province, Indonesia

Bulu Baan Addriana, Rahayu Tandiyo, Soegiyanto Soegiyanto, Sulaiman Sulaiman


The ability of mentally retarded children with children in general is different, both in terms of the recipient stimulates and concentrates on the problem or activity carried out so that in giving a response has a difference, therefore there needs to be differences in special treatment or service. This study aims to determine the level of physical fitness of mentally impaired students aged 10-12 years in Poso District, Indonesia.

The research design used was quantitative descriptive research. Sample in this study were 15 mentally impaired students aged 10-12 years. The test used to determine Physical Fitness uses the Indonesian Physical Fitness Test which consists of 1.) Running 50 meters, 2) Pull Up, 3.) Sit Up, 4.) Vertical Jump, 5) Run 600 meters. Data obtained from the test results were analyzed using descriptive analysis such as mean, standard deviation and percentage (%)

Physical Fitness Tests for Mentally Impairedmale students are obtained by students who are in the very good category 0%, good 0%, moderate 50%, less 37.5%, very less 12.5%. While Mentally Impairedfemale students are  obtained very good 0%, good 0%, moderate 28.57%, less category 57.15%, very less category 14.28%. The overall summary of the physical fitness level of the students is in the very good category 0%, good 0%, medium 40% less 46.67%, very less 13.33%. From these results it is known that Physical Fitness for students with Mentally Impaired Students aged 10-12 years old is included in the less category. So it is recommended that there be special treatment and instruments for physical fitness tests in Mentally Impaired Students


Evaluation; Physical Fitness; Mentally Impaired Students

Full Text:



Berwid, O. G., O’Neill, S. C. & Chen, N. 2017. Anxiety Level Moderates the Acute Impact of Light and Moderate Intensity Aerobic Exercise on Working Memory: 3096 Board #1 June 2 2. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc.49, 872.

Bullo, V. et al. 2015. The effects of Pilates exercise training on physical fitness and wellbeing in the elderly: A systematic review for future exercise prescription. Prev. Med.75, 1–11.

Dauenhauer, B., Keating, X. & Lambdin, D.2016. Effects of a Three-Tiered Intervention Model on Physical Activity and Fitness Levels of Elementary School Children. J. Prim. Prev.37, 313–327.

De Miguel-Etayo, P. et al. 2014 Physical fitness reference standards in European children: the IDEFICS study. Int. J. Obes.38, S57

Ferreira, M., Aguiar, C., Correia, N., Fialho, M. & Pimentel, J. S. 2017. Social Experiences of Children With Disabilities in Inclusive Portuguese Preschool Settings. J. Early Interv.39, 33–50

Gardner,2017 W. Behavior Modification in Mental Retardation. Taylor : Francis.

Gu, X., Chang, M. & Solmon, M. A. 2016. Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Health-Related Quality of Life in School-Aged Children. J. Teach. Phys. Educ.35, 117–126

Hartman, E., Smith, J., Westendorp, M. & Visscher, C. 2015. Development of physical fitness in children with intellectual disabilities: Physical fitness in children with ID. J. Intellect. Disabil. Res.59, 439–449.

Hayakawa, K. & Kobayashi, K. 2013. Effect of a 5-Year Cognitive Motor Training Program on Intellectually Disabled Youth. Compr. Psychol.2, 02.IT.2.4 .

Heryati, E. & Ratnengsih, E. 2017. Adaptive Physical Education Model for Increasing Physical Fitness of Children With Intellectual Disability. in Advances in Social Science, Education and HumanitiesResearch118, 202–207.

Horvat, M. & Croce, R. 2017. Mental Retardation: Physical Reabilitation, Fitness and Information Processing. Crit. Rev. Phys. Rehabil. Med.29, 351–370.

Isnaini, LMY, 2017. Effect of Exercises Unilateral and Bilateral Plyometric to Incresed Speed and Explosive Power Of Leg Muscle In Male Basketball Players, Semarang :Ismina

Klainin-Yobas, P., He, H.-G. & Lau, Y. 2015. Physical fitness, health behaviour and health among nursing students: A descriptive correlational study. Nurse Educ. Today35, 1199–1205

Mansur & Sugiarto, K. 2017.The Role of Physical Fitness to Improve the Self-Quality of Elementary School Students in the District of Aceh Besar. J. Educ. Dev.5, 72–84

Marinho, B. F., Follmer, B., Del Conti Esteves, J. V. & Andreato, L. V. 2016. Body composition, somatotype, and physical fitness of mixed martial arts athletes. Sport Sci. Health12, 157–165.

Marlina, Y. & Rahayu, T. 2017. Evaluation of The Physical Fitness Among The Students of SMP Negeri Unggul in The District of Aceh Besar. J. Educ. Dev.5, 72–84

Mumpuniarti. 2007. Learning Approach For Children with Mental Obstacles. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Nugroho, K., Dary & Sijabat, R.2017 Lifestyle That Affects the Health of Children with Special Needs Di SLB Negeri Salatiga. J. Keperawatan Muhammadiyah2, 103–117

Pranowo, A. & Hamid, Q.2012. Techniques to Boost the Ability of Children with below-average Intelligence. Familia.

Srikanth, S., Petrie, T. A., Greenleaf, C. & Martin, S. B. 2015. The Relationship of Physical Fitness, Self-Beliefs, and Social Support to the Academic Performance of Middle School Boys and Girls. J. Early Adolesc.35, 353–377

Sumaryanti, Rahayu, T., Amirullah, H., Rahayu, S. & Rukmini, D. 2013. Improving basic movements and health of mentally disabled students through adaptive physical activities. J. Educ. Dev.1,

Tarigan, B. S. 2018 Sports Development in Metro City Viewed from the Sport Development Index (Evaluation study of the Open Space Index, Human Resources, Sports Participation, and Physical Fitness).

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v6i4.1135


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.