Investigating the Dimensions of Military Defense Strategy (Security Approach) of Islamic Community from the Qur'an and Hadith Perspective

Mojtaba Ansari Moghadam, Morteza Fazeli


One of the most important issues in the Holy Quran and hadiths is the issue of jihad and defense. War is, in fact, a traumatic and violent phenomenon that is perpetrated by enemies in different dimensions; in fact, Islam, which is a religion of security and peace, considers war a kind of situation; This is why Islam is for the sake of security in society He commands jihad. The purpose of this study was to investigate and explain the quantitative and qualitative dimensions of military defense strategy with a security approach (in the direction of security stability) in the Holy Quran and Islamic narrations. This is one of the most important causes of the endurance and stability of the Islamic state. The present study is a theoretical one and has been done by descriptive-analytical method. The results of the study show that Islam is not a religion of indifference and holds itself accountable to all sections of society. The religion of Islam never accepts oppression, corruption, injustice and discrimination, and advocates jihad for the liberation of man, the fight against oppression, the elimination of corruption, the establishment of justice, and the various aspects of his military defense strategy. The present study also shows with a qualitative and quantitative approach that Muslims must think in different military dimensions and defend their lives, property, honor and land by developing and producing scientific knowledge in these dimensions.


Military Defense Strategy; Methods; Defense Jihad; Holy Quran; Traditions

Full Text:



The Holy Quran.

Nahj al-Balagheh.

Abdullah Khani, Ali, 1376, National Security Threats (Cognition and Methodology), Tehran: International Institute for Contemporary Studies and Research Abrar.

Aloussi, Mahmoud bin Abdullah, undated, Rouh al-Muani in the Interpretation of Al-Qur'an, Beirut: Dar al-Kutb al-Umayyah.

Ansari, Manouchehr, 1390, Strategic Management of New Product Development from Idea to Action, Industrial Management Organization Publications.

Badakhshani, Farnaz and Behzad Forouzanfar, 1389, The Role of Human Resource Strategy in High-Level Organizations and Its Relation to Organization Strategy, Paper 7th International Conference on Strategic Management, October.

Farahidi, Khalil ibn Ahmad, 1410, Al Ain, Qom: Hijra.

Hamiri, Ibn Hisham, undated, Siri al-Nubayyah, Beirut: Dar al-Maripara.

Haram Ameli, Mohammed bin Hassan, 1415, The Ways of Al-Shia, 20 volumes, Beirut: Dar al-Hayaa al-Tharath al-Arabi.

Hashemi Rafsanjani, Akbar, 1386, Guide Interpretation, Qom: Islamic Advertising Bureau.

Hossein Khani, Noorallah, 1392, Theoretical Foundations of Imam Khamenei's Defense Thoughts, Tehran: Yaran Shahed.

Ibn Atiyah, Abdul Haq, undated, Al-Muharr al-Wajiz, Beirut: Dar al-Kutb al-Umayyah.

Jafari, Sayed Asghar et al., 1395, An Introduction to Defense in Imam Khamenei's Thought (Modazla), Tehran: Defense Publications.

Khomeini, Ruhollah, 1385, The Culture of Jihad and Testimony in the Letters and Messages of Imam Khomeini, Arranged by: Prophet Sa'adatmand, Qom: Tasnim.

Khorramshahi, Baha'uddin, 1377, Encyclopedia of Quran and Quranic Research, Tehran: Friends and Nahid.

Kiani, Sorna, 1395, Treatise: Strategic Pattern of Comprehensive Defense from the Perspective of the Holy Quran, Tehran: Higher National Defense University.

Klein, Mohammad bin Yaghoub, 1387, Al-Kafi, Research: Ali Akbar Ghaffari, Tehran: Dar al-Akb al-Islami.

Lotfi Marznaki, Rahman, 1394, Intelligent Defense in Imam Khamenei's Thought (Modaleh), Tehran: Sobhan Ave.

Lotfi Marznaki, Rahman, 1396, Capability-Based and Enabling Defense in Imam Khamenei's Thought (Modaleh), Tehran: Defense Publication.

Majlesi, Mohammad Bagher, 1403, Bahar al-Anwar, Beirut: Dar al-Haya al-Thar al-Arabi.

Makarem Shirazi, Nasser, 1374, Sample Commentary, Tehran: Dar al-Kutb al-Islamiyah.

Makarem Shirazi, Nasser, 1386, Sample Commentary Selected, Arranged by Ahmad Ali Babaei, Tehran: Dar al-Kutab Islamiyah.

Maraghi, Ahmed Mustafa, undated, Tafsir al-Maraghi, Displaced: Dar al-Fakr.

Pourshab, Abdolali and Behrouz Dolatshah, 1397, Defense-Security Authority Model Based on Imam Khomeini's Discourse, Strategic Management Studies, No. 5.

Qartabi, Mohammad bin Ahmad, 1364, al-Jamie Lahkam al-Quran, Tehran: Nasser Khosro.

Qureshi, Sayyed Ali Akbar, 1386, The Quran, Tehran: Dar al-Kutb al-Islamiyyah.

Ragheb Esfahani, Hussein ibn Muhammad, 1412, al-Qadr al-Quran, Lebanon-Syria: Dar al-Alam-Aldar al-Shami'i.

Razani, Mohammad Ali, 1381, Islamic State System, Tehran: Imam.

Rostami Nasab, Abbas Ali and Maryam Ebrahimi, 1394, The Study of the Position of Jihad as one of the Foundations of Holy Defense in the Holy Quran, Journal of Sustainable Literature, No. 13.

Sadough, Mohammed bin Ali, 1405, Manifesto al-Faghih, Beirut: Dar al-Adawawa.

Salami, Hossein and Reza Yadollahi, 1396, Presentation of Defensive Pattern on Imam Khamenei's Thoughts (Issue), Strategic Defense Studies Quarterly, No. 69.

Sayyah, Ahmad, 1371, The Great Modern Modern Culture, Tehran: Islam Place.

Sobhani, Jafar, 1383, Javid Charter, Qom: Islamic Propaganda Bureau.

Tabarsi, Fazl ibn Hassan, 1372, Al-Bayyan Assembly of the Holy Quran, Tehran, Nasser Khosrow.

Tantawi, Ibn Juhari, 1425, Tafsir al-Jawahir, Beirut: Dar al-Kutb al-Umayyah.

Tayeb, Seyyed Abdolhossein, 1378, Taleeb al-bian fi tafsir al-Quran, Tehran: Islam Publications.

Waqedi, Mohammed bin Omar, undated, Al-Maghazi, Beirut: Supreme.

Zahili, Wehbe, 1418, Tafsir al-Munir, Damascus: Dar al-Fakr.

Zanjani Abbas Ali, Amid, 1385, Foundations of Islamic Thought, Tehran: Institute for Islamic Culture and Thoughts Publications.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding (IJMMU) ISSN 2364-5369
Copyright © 2014-2018 IJMMU. All rights reserved.