The Relational Analysis of the term "Ḥaqq" in the Holy Quran

Raziyeh sadat Seyyed Khorasani, Ali Fathi, Nayyer Zaki Dizachi

Abstract


The relational analysis is one of the well-known types of constructivist semantics, which considers the Sense explanation of vocabulary based on the inter-relations of linguistic units. The word Ḥaqq is one of the fundamental key concepts in the Qur'anic worldview, whose semantic domain discovery is very important in the Quran semantic network. Because by discovering the Sense relations of Ḥaqq, its synonym, hyponym and antonym field of vocabulary is drawn, and the position of this concept is determined in the Qur'anic worldview. This research, using descriptive-analytic method, based on the achievements of constructivist semantics, and with the help of semantic components of Ḥaqq, has explained its Sense relations and concluded that Ḥaqq in the holy Qur'an has a hyponym relation with some words such as the Prophet, the Book, and the promise and it has a synonym relation with some words like just and honesty; and it has a polysemy relation with some words like interest and benefit, wājib and tawḥīd. Void, false and obscene are in complementary opposition with Ḥaqq and suspicion, rebellion and oppression are in connotational opposition with the word Ḥaqq.


Keywords


Ḥaqq; Hyponymy; Synonymy; Relational Analysis; Constructivist School

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v6i5.973

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