The Factors that Influence the Causes of the Revocation of Parental Authority on Children are Reviewed by Marriage Law Number 1 of 1974 (case study of Verdict No. 78 / Pdt.G / 2017 / PA.PP)

Rahimah Yasir, Busyra Azheri, Neneng Oktarina

Abstract


A child is a really special gift for parents from God, Allah SWT. Parents have an absolute right to educate, to nurture, to take care, and to fulfill child’s need until the child grows to become an adult. Before growing up, the child is under his parent power. However, sometimes  power of parents is revoked by religious court because of negligence of parents in caring the child. It is stated in Article 49 of Act Number 1 Year 1974  that power of mother or father or both of them could be revoked in certain time based on the will of other people or child’s relatives or child’s sibling or authorized officials by referring to court decision. The power is revoked because parents are negligence in fulfilling their responsibility or they do the bad things. Although the power is revoked, the parents still have responsibility to give financial support to the child. Based on the explanation above, problems to be discussed in this thesis are factors which cause the revocation of parent power on children reviewed from Act Number 1 Year 1974 (a case study of Verdict No. 78/Pdt.G/2017/PA.PP), and law consideration of panel of judges in giving judgement about revoking parent power on  a child (a case study of Verdict No. 78/Pdt.G/2017/PA.PP).

Method of approach in this research is empirical, which means that secondary data was investigated first before primary data in the field was researched. Specification in this research is descriptive. Method of data collection  are field research (interview) and library research. Result of the research shows that among factors which influence the cause of revoking parent power are: it occurs on children under 18 years and they are not married yet, parents are prosecuted because of their negligence in fulfilling their responsibility and doing really bad thing, and prosecutor meets criteria to be a guardian based on applicable provision. Judge consideration in giving judgement is that parents has broken the elements of marriage which is stated in Article 47 and Article 49, Act Number 1 Year 1974.


Keywords


Revocation; Power; Right; Children

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v6i10.931

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