John Biden Government Policy Withdrawing United States of Peace Army in Afganistan in 2021

Firda Rahmasari Juita, Surwandono Surwandono

Abstract


The US government's policy of Joe Biden to withdraw his troops from Afghanistan was a policy that had been planned for the previous two administration periods. The troop pull-out dates back to the Obama administration's period when it drew small numbers of US troops to Afghanistan. In addition, the Donald Trump administration also briefly discussed the withdrawal of these troops until the Dona agreement was formed in February 2020. The United States government under Joe Biden has a full policy of US peacekeepers from Afghanistan. This research uses the theory of Rational Choice and Foreign Policy and qualitative research methods. The findings in this paper reveal that there are four reasons why the United States withdraws troops from Afghanistan, namely the first basis of the 2022 Doha agreement; secondly the more irrational the Military Industrial Complex in this case is the consideration of military costs; third, Afghanistan's inadequate natural resources so that the economic interests of the United States have not been maximized since the return of the Taliban to Afghanistan; fourth, the interests of the United States in the Indopacific related to the increasing power of China in the Indopacific.


Keywords


Military Withdrawal Policy; United States of America; Afghanistan

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v9i7.3835

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